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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Jackson
Organization(s): Journal of Light Construction
Publication Date: October, 1997
Document providing guidance about choosing the correct caulk for a project.
Author(s): Gifford
Organization(s): American Boiler Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: January, 2004
Part 2 of an article discussing how to maximize two-pipe steam systems.
Author(s): Baker, Lepage
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report on the stability of furring strips as a means for cladding attachment over walls with thick exterior rigid insulation.

Author(s): Flothow
Organization(s): Energy Efficiency for All, Steven Winter Associates
Publication Date: November, 2015

Report describing strategies to improve the aging steam heating systems in New York City to improve energy efficiency, reduce oil and gas usage, and cut maintenance costs.

Author(s): National Air Duct Cleaners Association
Organization(s): National Air Duct Cleaners Association
Publication Date: January, 2013
Manual showing duct cleaning contractors how to identify the different types of insulated air ducts, how to open each type for access by cleaning equipment and personnel, how to close and seal openings after cleaning.
Author(s): Wright, Klingenberg
Organization(s): Passive House Institute US
Report on improving passive design adoption rates.
Author(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Organization(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Publication Date: January, 2014
Standard providing master specifications for air barrier assemblies that will provide guidance to the design professional in the development of the final project specifications.
Author(s): Dastur, Mauceri, Hannas, Novosel
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: February, 2009
Report aimed to quantify the impact of closed crawlspaces in new homes, and investigate modeling software to ensure accuracy of energy consumption predictions in these homes.
Author(s): Advanced Energy
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: July, 2005

This guide is an introduction to the design components, field implementation, code requirements, and measured performance of crawl space construction in central and eastern North Carolina.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: August, 2012

IECC code note explaining new fan efficacy requirements, along with how to determine which fans are affected by the new fan requirements.

Author(s): Kosny, Fallahi, Shukla
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Research study investigating the energy performance and cost effectiveness of several state-of-the-art retrofit strategies that could be used in residential houses in the Boston and New England area.

Author(s): Goldberg, Steigauf
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2013
Research study about an experimental and theoretical investigation of the energy and hygrothermal performance of retrofit foundation insulation systems in climate zones 6 and 7.
Author(s): Colorado Geological Survey
Organization(s): Colorado Geological Survey
Publication Date: April, 2011

Information sheet discussing building foundation problems caused by settling soil in Colorado.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: January, 1995

Information sheet summarizing inspection and testing of combustion appliances taught during the 2006 Florida whole-house weatherization training as part of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Hot Climate Initiative.

Author(s): Building Performance Institute
Organization(s): Building Performance Institute
Publication Date: January, 2016

The following combustion appliance safety inspection must be completed to determine if fossil fuel-fired appliances are operating safely under a depressurized condition.

Author(s): Brand, Cautley, Bohac, Francisco, Shen, Gloss
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Report on comubsion safety simplified test protocol.

Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: October, 2013
Report summarizing one year of monitoring and analysis of a space conditioning system at maintaining temperature and relative humidity levels in a test home.
Author(s): Poerschke, Beach
Organization(s): IBACOS
Report onhow space-conditioning systems are operating in the field and if these systems are meeting required standards.
Author(s): Poerschke, Beach
Organization(s): IBACOS
Report onhow space-conditioning systems are operating in the field and if these systems are meeting required standards.
Author(s): Engelmann, Roth, Tiefenbeck
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report documenting the results of an in-depth evaluation of thermal comfort for two potential net zero-energy homes (NZEHs) in Massachusetts.

Author(s): Stecher, Imm
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2013
Report about instrumentation and limited short-term testing completed on a retrofit unoccupied test house in Fresno, California.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure explaining the essential basis for advanced framing and some of the more common advanced framing details.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure providing information about flashing.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2008

Report investigating the nature, strength, and durability of connections between high performance dwellings and developments.

Author(s): Herk, Beggs
Organization(s): IBACOS

Report outlining the steps developers can take to create high-performance standards on a community-wide scale.

Author(s): Mallay
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs

Report on heating and cooling air-distribution ducts that are insulated, installed close to the ceiling in a vented attic and covered with attic insulation to minimize energy loss.

Author(s): Mallay
Organization(s): HIRL
Report on heating and cooling air-distribution ducts that are insulated, installed close to the ceiling in a vented attic and covered with attic insulation to minimize energy loss.
Author(s): Maguire, Fang, Wilson
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2013

Research report providing a comparison of the most common residential water heating technologies to determine energy-efficient and cost-effective water heating technologies are when subjected to a variety of typical operating conditions.

Author(s): Cunningham, Hannigan
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study comparing various retrofit models in Wisconsin to evaluate performance in terms of savings per home and program cost per home to assess the relative cost effectiveness of each program design.

Author(s): Parker, Cummings
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: August, 2009
Two hourly energy simulation software, BEopt and Energy Gauge USA, were compared to ensure accuracy and evaluate agreement on the impact of various energy efficiency improvements.
Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: January, 2011
Document containing a 3D drawing (CAD) of advanced framing details.
Author(s): Portland Cement Association
Organization(s): Portland Cement Association
Publication Date: January, 2012
Document discussing moisture considerations and testing techniques for concrete floors.
Author(s): Portland Cement Association
Organization(s): Portland Cement Association
Publication Date: January, 2012
Information sheet discussing the properties and benefits of insulating concrete forms.
Author(s): Wilson
Organization(s): National Research Council Canada
Publication Date: May, 1960
Document about condensation between the panes, on the inside surface of the outer glass of double pane windows.
Author(s): Maguire, Earle, Booten, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: October, 2011

Report about a hybrid condensing water heater (thermal efficiency = 0.973, energy factor = 0.95) installed in an occupied home in Sacramento, California, and monitored for one year to determine the actual in situ efficiency.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2004

Report outlining how conditioned crawlspaces perform better than vented crawlspaces in terms of safety, health, comfort, durability and energy consumption.

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. The Guide is aligned with the provisions of the 2012...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: January, 2016

Report telling consumers how radon gets into a home and how to reduce radon entry into a home.

Author(s): ICF Builder
Organization(s): ICF Builder
Publication Date: January, 2012
Information sheet disucssing myths about insulated concrete forms.
Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Organization(s): American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication Date: January, 2012

Standard covering requirements for the assembly, installation, maintenance, and operation of controls and safety devices on automatically operated boilers directly fired with gas, oil, gas-oil, or electricity, having fuel input ratings under 12,500,000 Btu/hr.

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Cummings, Withers, Kono
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC

Report on variable-capacity air conditioning and heat pump units.

Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Kosny, Shukla, Fallahi
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report focusing on building envelopes that have been enhanced with phase change materials (PCMs), which can simultaneously reduce total cooling loads and shift peak-hour loads.

Author(s): Fairey, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: November, 2012

Research study examining the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed before 1980 (Pre-Code) in 14 U.S. cities.

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