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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Mallay, Wiehagen, Kochkin
Organization(s): PHI, Home Innovation Research Labs

Report on the design and evaluation of extended plate and beam.

Author(s): Mallay, Wiehagen, Kochkin
Organization(s): PHI
Report on the design and evaluation of extended plate and beam.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure about creating an air barrier by sealing drywall assemblies.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure about creating an air barrier at tub, shower and fireplace walls.

Author(s): Ueno
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

Report on adding insulation to load-bearing mass masonry buildings.

Author(s): Smegal, Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: August, 2013

Research study describing a number of promising foundation and basement insulation strategies that can meet the requirement for better thermal control in colder climates while enhancing moisture control, health, and comfort.

Author(s): Straube, Smegal
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2009

Report considers a number of promising wall systems that can meet the requirement for better thermal control.

Author(s): Baker, Lepage
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report on the stability of furring strips as a means for cladding attachment over walls with thick exterior rigid insulation.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure explaining the essential basis for advanced framing and some of the more common advanced framing details.

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. The Guide is aligned with the provisions of the 2012...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2013

Report about an expert meeting focused on issues surrounding cladding attachment and performance of walls with exterior insulating sheathing.

Author(s): Ueno, Van Straaten
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2012

Expert Meeting about interior insulation retrofit of mass masonry wall assemblies held on July 30, 2011.

Author(s): Gunderson
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

Home Innovation Research Labs studied the extended plate and beam wall (EP&B) system during a two-year period from mid-2015 to mid-2017 to determine the wall’s structural performance, moisture durability, constructability, and cost effectiveness for use as a high-R enclosure system for energy code minimum and above-code performance...

Author(s): Wiehagen, Kochkin
Organization(s): PHI, Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: August, 2015

Report on high-R wall design called extended plate and beam that uses foam sheathing insulation with wall framing.

Author(s): Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Research study developing baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation (2 in. to 8 in.) on existing masonry walls and wood framed walls.

Author(s): Dickson
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report discussing principles and approaches to closing and conditioning ventilated crawlspaces in existing homes. 

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2007

Guide provides information about enhanced thermal enclosures and performance.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2010

Brochure with details on advanced framing techniques.

Author(s): DeRenzis, Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report providing testing methodology to evaluate structural rim header designs over openings up to 6 ft. wide and applicable to one- and two-story homes.

Author(s): DeRenzis, Kochkin
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report with test results that serve as a baseline of data for further material tests of other high-R wall systems and for comparison to whole-house wind pressure testing.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure with information on installing cavity insulation.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure with information on installing cavity insulation.

Author(s): Cummings, Withers, LaHiff
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: December, 2009
Research study describing field testing performed in 32 two-story Florida homes to characterize wind washing failures of the house air and thermal boundary.
Author(s): Loomis, Pettit
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

Report on two approaches to retrofitting existing double-stud walls.

Author(s): Musunuru, Pettit
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, BSC
Publication Date: April, 2015

Report describing a deep energy enclosure retrofit solution for insulating mass masonry buildings from the interior.

Author(s): Lstiburek, Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, BSC
Publication Date: April, 2015

Report describing wall assemblies that use layers of rigid exterior insulation thicker than 1-½ inch and require a secondary cladding attachment location exterior to the insulation.

Author(s): Natarajan, Klocke, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: June, 2012

Information sheet providing information on installing Rigid XPS foam board insulation to existing brick masonry walls.

Author(s): Straube, Ueno, Schumacher
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2012

Report summarizing the importance of properly insulating and air sealing masonry walls, providing step by step instructions and approaches.

Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, BSC
Publication Date: January, 2015

Report describing the use of mineral fiber insulating sheathing in a high performance enclosure retrofit package. 

Author(s): Roberts, Stephenson
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2012

Document providing renovators and retrofit contractors an overview of considerations when including wall air sealing and insulation in an energy retrofit project.

Author(s): Grin, Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2012

Report describing the work conducted for high performance hybrid assemblies.

Author(s): Lepage, Schumacher, Lukachko
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2013

Report explaining moisture-related concerns for high R-value wall assemblies and discusses past Building America research work that informs this study.

Author(s): Shah, Kochkin
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

The next generation of building enclosures is a key step toward achieving high-performance goals through decreasing energy load demand and enabling advanced space-conditioning systems. Yet the adoption of high-R enclosures and particularly high-R walls has been a slow-growing trend because mainstream builders are hesitant to make the...

Author(s): Arena, Mantha
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: May, 2013

Report describing evaluation of several configurations of wall assemblies to determine the accuracy of moisture modeling and make recommendations to ensure durable, efficient assemblies.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report providing guidance to air sealing multifamily homes.

Author(s): Aldrich, Arena, Zoeller
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: March, 2010
Document with information about the most practical methods to achieve whole-wall performance of R-30 or above.
Author(s): Faakye, Arena, Griffiths
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2013

Research study exploring a test method measuring air leakage between units through common surfaces and air infiltration across exterior, noncommon surfaces of the enclosure.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2006

Information sheet about how to reduce thermal bridging in walls.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2010

Information about a roof retrofit using a metal, cool roof system.

Author(s): Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2011

Research study investigating the thermal efficiency of fasteners, namely drywall screws and siding nails, in high-performance wood-framed walls.

Author(s): Ridouane, Bianchi
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: November, 2011

Research study describing a detailed 3D computational fluid dynamics model that evaluates the thermal performance of uninsulated wall assemblies.