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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Baker, Yee, Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report that collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for 15 housing types.

Author(s): Ueno
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

Report on adding insulation to load-bearing mass masonry buildings.

Author(s): Grin, Smegal, Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2013

Report covering moisture and leakage issues associated with spray foam insulation application to the underside of roof sheathing.

Author(s): VonThoma, Ojczyk, Mosiman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2013
Report focused on foundation insulation R-values for cold climates and the design, construction, and performance implications.
Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report about a project that examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago, Illinois, brick bungalow.

Author(s): Mallay, Kochkin
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: March, 2018

This report outlines research activities that are expected to facilitate the adoption of energy retrofits by remodeling contractors and roofing contractors using retrofit panels. The results of this research will be applicable to many existing house designs in most climates and markets. The potential energy savings impact of this technology...

Author(s): Lyons, Moore, Thompson
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Newport Ventures
Publication Date: August, 2013

Report summarizing commissioning, short-term testing, utility bill data analysis, and results of on-site monitoring of a deep energy retrofit.

Author(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Organization(s): PNNL
Publication Date: September, 2009

Case study about Artistic Homes of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the first home builder in the United States to offer true net zero energy construction to the average home buyer on every home it builds.

Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2012

Guide to help contractors and homeowners identify ways to make homes more comfortable, more energy efficient, and healthier to live in.

Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2013
Document providing descriptions of the many insulation options available to homeowners, along with guidance on where, when, and how to install insulation throughout your house.
Author(s): BAIHP, BIRA, BSC, CARB, DEG, IBACOS, NAHB Research Center, NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2006
Report summarizing research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Mixed-Humid Region on a cost-neutral basis.
Author(s): Smegal, Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: August, 2013

Research study describing a number of promising foundation and basement insulation strategies that can meet the requirement for better thermal control in colder climates while enhancing moisture control, health, and comfort.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: February, 2011

This report will review, and summarize the current state of understanding and research into enclosures with higher thermal resistance, so-called “High-R Enclosures.” Recommendations are provided for further research.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: April, 2010

Document presenting some of the key technical properties of many of the most common building materials.

Author(s): Gates
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report describing a deep energy retrofit project for a two-family wood framed home located in Belmont, Massachusetts.

Author(s): Spanier, Scheu, Brand, Yang
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report identifying housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen single-family housing types and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis.

Author(s): Baker, Lepage
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report on the stability of furring strips as a means for cladding attachment over walls with thick exterior rigid insulation.

Author(s): Goldberg, Steigauf
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2013
Research study about an experimental and theoretical investigation of the energy and hygrothermal performance of retrofit foundation insulation systems in climate zones 6 and 7.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure explaining the essential basis for advanced framing and some of the more common advanced framing details.

Author(s): Mallay
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs

Report on heating and cooling air-distribution ducts that are insulated, installed close to the ceiling in a vented attic and covered with attic insulation to minimize energy loss.

Author(s): Mallay
Organization(s): HIRL
Report on heating and cooling air-distribution ducts that are insulated, installed close to the ceiling in a vented attic and covered with attic insulation to minimize energy loss.
Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. The Guide is aligned with the provisions of the 2012...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Fairey, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: November, 2012

Research study examining the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed before 1980 (Pre-Code) in 14 U.S. cities.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Information sheet about crawlspace insulation, including installation details.

Author(s): NorthernSTAR
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2015
Case study describing foundation wall moisture studies at a research facility in Minnesota run by Building America team NorthernSTAR.
Author(s): Bianco, Wiehagen, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report outlining the steps of translating a new home construction scope of work (SOW) to SOW for retrofit.

Author(s): McIlvaine, Sutherland, Martin
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study examining efficiency retrofit opportunities, typical renovation practices, and pathways for achieving U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goals for existing homes in Florida.

Author(s): Maguire, Burch, Merrigan, Ong
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report investigating performance and energy savings potential of heat pump water heaters.

Author(s): Case, Booten
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: November, 2011

Document presenting a simple starting point to determine the most cost-effective Energy Savings Measure Packages (ESMP) for existing homes to achieve 15% and 30% savings in 37 locations across the United States.

Author(s): Farley, Ruch
Organization(s): PARR, CNT Energy
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report exploring feasibility of designing prescriptive retrofit measure packages for typical Chicago region multifamily buildings in order to achieve 25% source energy savings.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: September, 2014

Report analyzing results in crawlspace retrofits in multifamily buildings.

Author(s): Gates, Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2013

Report summarizing post-retrofit results for 13 existing homes in a deep energy retrofit pilot program.

Author(s): Berman, Smith, Porse
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report evaluating opportunities to improve and streamline delivery of residential retrofit measures.

Author(s): Gordon, Lubliner, Howard, Kunkle
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Washington State University Extension Energy Program
Publication Date: October, 2013

Research study documenting market-ready energy solutions to improve the efficiency of new affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: August, 2013
Report examining implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago.
Author(s): NorthernSTAR
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: September, 2014

Case study describing novel technique for installing exterior spray foam on foundation walls that uses high-pressure water sprayer and a “hydro vac” to remove dirt along the foundation wall.

Author(s): Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2013

Report about an expert meeting focused on issues surrounding cladding attachment and performance of walls with exterior insulating sheathing.

Author(s): Ojczyk, Huelman, Carmody
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: May, 2013

Expert meeting report describing the need for greater understanding of foundation systems including moisture and insulation issues.

Author(s): Ueno, Van Straaten
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2012

Expert Meeting about interior insulation retrofit of mass masonry wall assemblies held on July 30, 2011.

Author(s): McIlvaine, Sutherland, Schleith, Chandra
Organization(s): Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2010

Report about a building projects process including findings to date and highlights of the first home to meet the target HERS Index of 70.\

Author(s): Gunderson
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

Home Innovation Research Labs studied the extended plate and beam wall (EP&B) system during a two-year period from mid-2015 to mid-2017 to determine the wall’s structural performance, moisture durability, constructability, and cost effectiveness for use as a high-R enclosure system for energy code minimum and above-code performance...

Author(s): Herk, Poerschke
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: April, 2015
The New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA) is interested in finding cost-effective solutions for deep energy retrofits (DERs) related to exterior wall insulation in a cold climate, with targets of 50% peak load reduction and 50% space conditioning energy savings.
Author(s): Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Research study developing baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation (2 in. to 8 in.) on existing masonry walls and wood framed walls.

Author(s): Levy, Dentz, Ansanelli, Barker, Rath, Dadia
Organization(s): ARIES Collaborative

Report a field evaluation of four novel roof designs in energy-efficient manufactured homes.

Author(s): Stephenson, Roberts, Butler, Kim
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Southface Energy Institute
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report outlining the energy upgrade package implemented in Ft. Benning, GA, Indianhead Townhomes project and the findings of the Southface Energy Institutes post-renovation analysis.

Author(s): Zoeller, Slattery, Grab
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Report about development of effective strategies to reduce the overall building energy use in line with Building America goals in this modestly priced market rate project.

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