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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2005

Report and case study describing a retrofit project in the cold climate.

Author(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2010

Research study describing demonstration homes that provided a wealth of information for the building community in terms of the science, effort, and cost of increasing the energy efficiency of our nations housing stock.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2012

Report describing the design and construction of a highly energy efficient community of ten duplexes in Greenfield, Massachusetts.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Document about proper HVAC system sizing.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report summarizing results from a case study about whole-house mechanical ventilation systems in Chicago.

Author(s): Zoeller
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: April, 2009

Information sheet about insulation materials.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: April, 2009

Information sheet discussing the differences between homeowner energy consumption trends in highly efficient homes.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2009

Information sheet about proper ventilation and air sealing.

Author(s): Aldrich, Walsh, Swift
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA, CARB, Western Massachusettes Electric Company, Northeast Utilities
Publication Date: July, 2006

Report summarizing results from a study in Massachusetts that aimed to upgrade existing homes and incorporate solar thermal systems.

Author(s): Puttagunta, Aldrich, Owens, Vijayakumar
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2007

Report presenting results from whole-house monitoring efforts in hope that they may be useful for other moving towards zero energy homes.

Author(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, NREL
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2004

Report developed for Habitat for Humanity about lessons learned from demonstration retrofit projects undertaken by Habitat for Humanity affiliates in New York, Maryland, and Pennsylvania; with building systems consulting and technical assistance provided by Steven Winter Associates.

Author(s): Puttagunta, Grab, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Report about seeking a 30% source energy savings targets over a comparable 2009 International Energy Conservation Code-built home in the cold climate zone, using simple measures.

Author(s): Williamson, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report providing performance results of a home's heat pump water heater and whole-house dehumidifier over a six-month period.

Author(s): Zoeller
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: March, 2009

Information sheet about buried ducts.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report providing a synopsis of a project to evaluate the performance of a roof-integrated solar water heating system.

Author(s): Zhong
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report describing a comparison of hydrothermal performances of DryRightTM fiberglass batts and kraft-faced fiberglass batts in a south facing wall assembly with a moisture storage cladding material.

Author(s): Zoeller, Williamson, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA

Report on hybrid ventilation methods for insulated and sealed crawl spaces.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2010

Information sheet about window retrofit strategies for hot-dry climates.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2010

Information sheet about envelope and roof moisture control retrofit for a home.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet describing tankless hot water heating systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2010

Information about a roof retrofit using a metal, cool roof system.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet describing solar hot water systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2010

Information sheet describing tankless hot water heating systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet describing solar PV upgrade for an existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet about HVAC equipment design to maximize energy efficiency in the hot-dry climate zone.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet about exterior insulation in the hot-dry climate zones.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet about insulation retrofits for the hot-dry climate zones.

Author(s): Zoeller, Shapiro, Vijayakumar, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2013

Report about a deep energy retrofit Cool Energy House.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: April, 2013

Report about cost effective energy-efficient upgrades that can be implemented in the hot, dry Southwest climate.

Author(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2010

Report about a tool developed to enable users to compare a typical 1970s ranch home against an IECC 2009 code_compliant home of the same configuration and against the 70s base case plus retrofits.

Author(s): Shapiro, Aldrich, Arena
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2012

Report describing procedures for increasing sensible efficiencies through increased flow rates across the air handling unit and increased indoor coil sizes.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA

Report on air-sealing programs for energy-efficiency retrofits.

Author(s): Shapiro, Magee, Zoeller
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2013

Report including an overview of the buried duct research and information the retrofit methodology used to install and test the three existing duct systems, including short- and long-term data collection.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2006

Information sheet about how to reduce thermal bridging in walls.

Author(s): Faakye, Arena, Griffiths
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2013

Research study exploring a test method measuring air leakage between units through common surfaces and air infiltration across exterior, noncommon surfaces of the enclosure.

Author(s): Arena, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2013

Report documenting actual energy savings of a retrofit project in Boulder, CO.

Author(s): Arena, Faakye
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: October, 2013

Research study using modeling to determine optimal combination(s) of components/pumps, high efficiency heat sources, plumbing configurations and controls that result in the highest overall efficiency for a hydronic system.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2010

Information sheet about mold mitigation.

Author(s): Arena, Mantha
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: May, 2013

Report describing evaluation of several configurations of wall assemblies to determine the accuracy of moisture modeling and make recommendations to ensure durable, efficient assemblies.

Author(s): Johnson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2013

Research study outlining results of monitoring a low temperature heat pump.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2014

This document addresses adding—or improving—mechanical ventilation systems to existing homes. The purpose of ventilation is to remove contaminants from homes either directly or by dilution. This report discusses where, when, and how much ventilation is appropriate in a home, including some discussion of relevant codes and...

Author(s): Aldrich, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: December, 2011

Report descibing the sealing and insulating of HVAC duct systems in new and existing homes.

Author(s): Berger, Neri
Organization(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2016

Report describing the use of passive vents as a source of outdoor air in multifamily buildings. 

Author(s): Natarajan, Klocke, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: June, 2012

Information sheet providing information on installing Rigid XPS foam board insulation to existing brick masonry walls.

Author(s): Shapiro, Puttagunta, Owens
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2012

Document with evaluation of 14 heat pump water heaters (including three recently released HPWH products) installed in existing homes in the northeast region of the United States.

Author(s): Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2014

Report providing step-by-step instructions for heating contractors and hydronic designers for selecting the proper control settings to maximize system performance and improve response time when using a thermostat setback.

Author(s): Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: May, 2013

Document intended for designers and installers of hydronic heating systems interested in maximizing the overall system efficiency of condensing boilers when coupled with baseboard convectors. It is applicable to new and retrofit projects.

Author(s): Shapiro, Zoeller, Mantha
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Document covering the technical aspects of buried and insulated ducts (BEDs), as well as the advantages, disadvantages, and risks of BEDs compared to alternative strategies.

Author(s): Aldrich, Mantha, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: October, 2012

Document describing good practices for insulating basements in new and existing homes.

Author(s): Otis, Maxwell
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: June, 2012

Document providing an understanding of the importance of the different types of multifamily building attics and their unique challenges, and outlines strategies and materials used in air sealing them.

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