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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Mallay, Wiehagen, Kochkin
Organization(s): PHI
Report on the design and evaluation of extended plate and beam.
Author(s): Ojczyk, Murry, Mosiman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: July, 2014

Research report describing study of interior and exterior air sealing techniques to stop ice dams in five 1.5-story retrofit homes conducted by the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team run by University of Minnesota.

Author(s): Puttagunta, Shapiro
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: April, 2012

Report about two test home evaluations that provided valuable data about the true in-field performance of various building mechanical systems and LAMELs.

Author(s): Baker, Yee, Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report that collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for 15 housing types.

Author(s): VonThoma, Ojczyk, Mosiman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2013
Report focused on foundation insulation R-values for cold climates and the design, construction, and performance implications.
Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report about a project that examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago, Illinois, brick bungalow.

Author(s): Seifert
Organization(s): University of Alaska
Publication Date: January, 2003
Document describing approaches to energy efficiency and moisture considerations for roofs in northern climates.
Author(s): Zuluaga
Organization(s): Home Energy
Publication Date: July, 2006
Document explaining why a vapor retarder that changes permeability with changing relative humidity provides added protection against moisture problems in exterior walls.
Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2011

Guide describing measures that builders in the cold and very cold climates can take to build homes that have whole-house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark with no added overall costs for consumers.

Author(s): Baechler, Taylor, Bartlett, Gilbride, Hefty, Steward, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: August, 2005
Document providing a resource to help builders large and small build high-quality, energy-efficient homes that achieve 30% energy savings in space conditioning and water heating in the cold and very cold climates.
Author(s): Gates
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report describing a deep energy retrofit project for a two-family wood framed home located in Belmont, Massachusetts.

Author(s): Wytrykowska, Ueno, Van Straaten
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2012

Report describing findings from a multifamily test home focusing on the combination of energy measures that are feasible, affordable and suitable for multifamily construction in cold climates.

Author(s): Donnelly, Mahle
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: March, 2012

Report about City of Meriden Housing Authority's (MHA) collaboration with Jonathon Rose Companies to complete a gut renovation of 126 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project.

Author(s): Spanier, Scheu, Brand, Yang
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report identifying housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen single-family housing types and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis.

Author(s): Kosny, Fallahi, Shukla
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Research study investigating the energy performance and cost effectiveness of several state-of-the-art retrofit strategies that could be used in residential houses in the Boston and New England area.

Author(s): Goldberg, Steigauf
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2013
Research study about an experimental and theoretical investigation of the energy and hygrothermal performance of retrofit foundation insulation systems in climate zones 6 and 7.
Author(s): Colorado Geological Survey
Organization(s): Colorado Geological Survey
Publication Date: April, 2011

Information sheet discussing building foundation problems caused by settling soil in Colorado.

Author(s): Engelmann, Roth, Tiefenbeck
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report documenting the results of an in-depth evaluation of thermal comfort for two potential net zero-energy homes (NZEHs) in Massachusetts.

Author(s): Cunningham, Hannigan
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study comparing various retrofit models in Wisconsin to evaluate performance in terms of savings per home and program cost per home to assess the relative cost effectiveness of each program design.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Aldrich, Vijayakumar
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: May, 2006

Report describing the monitored long-term performance of two solar domestic water heating systems in northern climates.

Author(s): NorthernSTAR
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: April, 2015
Case study describing foundation wall moisture studies at a research facility in Minnesota run by Building America team NorthernSTAR.
Author(s): Drumheller, Carll
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: April, 2010

The objective of this research was to quantify the field performance of wood-frame walls clad with a variety of common claddings in a mixed-humid climate.

Author(s): Yee, Baker, Brand, Wells
Organization(s): PARR, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: August, 2013

Report using pre- and post-system upgrade data to analyze the energy savings associated with Iowas HVAC SAVE program for space heating.

Author(s): Farley, Ruch
Organization(s): PARR, CNT Energy
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report exploring feasibility of designing prescriptive retrofit measure packages for typical Chicago region multifamily buildings in order to achieve 25% source energy savings.

Author(s): Gates, Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2013

Report summarizing post-retrofit results for 13 existing homes in a deep energy retrofit pilot program.

Author(s): Rowley, Kerr, Brank
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, CNT Energy, Future Energy Enterprises
Publication Date: October, 2012

Document reviewing of the current northern Illinois energy efficiency retrofit programs.

Author(s): Gordon, Lubliner, Howard, Kunkle
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Washington State University Extension Energy Program
Publication Date: October, 2013

Research study documenting market-ready energy solutions to improve the efficiency of new affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: August, 2013
Report examining implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago.
Author(s): Brand
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: March, 2012

Expert meeting identifying installation practices that provide the best installed efficiency for residential gas furnaces, explain how AFUE and field efficiency can differ, and investigate the impact of installation practices on the efficiency and long-term durability of the furnace.

Author(s): Gunderson
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

Home Innovation Research Labs studied the extended plate and beam wall (EP&B) system during a two-year period from mid-2015 to mid-2017 to determine the wall’s structural performance, moisture durability, constructability, and cost effectiveness for use as a high-R enclosure system for energy code minimum and above-code performance...

Author(s): Baker
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Research study developing baseline engineering analysis to support the installation of thick layers of exterior insulation (2 in. to 8 in.) on existing masonry walls and wood framed walls.

Author(s): Shapiro, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Research study evaluating 14 heat pump water heaters, attempting to provide publically available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products .

Author(s): Williamson, Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB
Report on field monitoring of inverter-driven ASHPs in Zone 6-climate homes.
Author(s): Ueno, Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Report to understand the long-term moisture performance of unvented roof assemblies with fibrous insulation.
Author(s): Moriarta
Organization(s): Home Energy Magazine
Publication Date: July, 2008
Journal article describing energy and cost savings potential from air sealing multifamily town homes.
Author(s): Zoeller, Slattery, Grab
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Report about development of effective strategies to reduce the overall building energy use in line with Building America goals in this modestly priced market rate project.

Author(s): Mittereder, Poerschke
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: November, 2013
Report presenting a cold climate project examining and alternative approach to ground source heat pump ground loop design.
Author(s): New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Organization(s): New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Publication Date: November, 2008

Report about indoor air quality related to indoor mold growth.

Author(s): Wiehagen, Kochkin
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2012

Research study presenting results of an existing home monitoring project designed to measure wall cavity moisture characteristics.

Author(s): Natural Resources Canada
Organization(s): Natural Resources Canada
Publication Date: October, 2013
Information sheet providing links and resources for insulating basements in cold climates.
Author(s): Lukachko, Grin, Bergey
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report detailing the design and construction of 10 new houses under the Wyandotte Neighborhood Stabilization Program 2.

Author(s): Dentz, Henderson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: September, 2014

Report summarizing the status of a central hydronic heating system project in multifamily housing at the conclusion of the 20112012 heating season.

Author(s): Dentz, Henderson
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: April, 2012

Report evaluating the relative effectiveness of various control and distribution strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance in existing low-rise multifamily buildings

Author(s): Brand, Yee, Baker
Organization(s): PARR
Publication Date: August, 2013
Report examining the impacts that common installation practices and age- induced equipment degradation may have on the installed performance of natural gas furnaces, as measured by steady-state efficiency and AFUE.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: April, 2004

Report with an overall HTWII introduction and four sections explaining the four most important hygro-thermal regions: Hot-Humid, Mixed-Humid, Cold, and Hot-Dry/Mixed-Dry.

Author(s): Neuhauser, Bergey, Osser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2012

Report examining performance measures in the context of a large-scale renovation project.

Author(s): Ueno, Loomis
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

Report on the long-term performance of mini-split heat pumps.

Author(s): Stetcher, Allison, Prahl
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2012

Report presenting a cold climate project that examines the relationships among energy efficient single-family residential thermal enclosures, room-to-room temperature variations, and simplified space conditioning systems.

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