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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): California Energy Commission
Organization(s): California Energy Commission
Publication Date: January, 2008

Document intended to help owners, designers, builders, inspectors, examiners, and energy consultants comply with and enforce California’s 2008 energy efficiency standards for low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Code establishing a baseline for energy efficiency by setting performance standards for the building envelope (defined as the boundary that separates heated/cooled air from unconditioned, outside air), mechanical systems, lighting systems and service water heating systems in homes and commercial businesses.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: November, 2017

Code establishing a baseline for energy efficiency by setting performance standards for the building envelope (defined as the boundary that separates heated/cooled air from unconditioned, outside air), mechanical systems, lighting systems, and service water heating systems in homes and commercial businesses.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2001

Document describing advancement in factory built housing innovations.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report including testing and analysis on deep energy retrofits of existing single-family homes in the U.S.

Author(s): Polly, Gestwick, Bianchi, Anderson, Horowitz, Christensen, Judkoff
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: April, 2011

Report describing an analysis method for determining optimal residential energy efficiency retrofit packages and applies the analysis method to a 1960s-era home in eight U.S. cities.

Author(s): Parker, Sherwin
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, NREL
Publication Date: October, 2012

Research study summarizing the first full year of detailed data collected about a single-family home that experienced a series of retrofits targeting reductions in energy use.

Author(s): Baker, Yee, Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report that collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for 15 housing types.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: December, 2013
Standard 55 specifies conditions for acceptable thermal environments and is intended for use in design, operation, and commissioning of buildings and other occupied spaces.
Author(s): Polly, Kruis, Roberts
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2011

Report describing methodology to assess and improve the accuracy of whole building energy analysis for residential buildings.

Author(s): Roberts, Merket, Polly, Heaney, Casey, Robertson
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report assessing the accuracy of HEST as it was being developed and to provide information useful to DOE program managers and HEST development team at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Adams, Butner, Oritz, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2011

Report describing measures that builders in mixed-humid climates can use to build homes that have whole-house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark with no added overall costs for consumers.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2006

Book presenting the best techniques for energy and resource efficient residential construction in the colder climates of North America.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

The Builder's Guide provides the building industry with the latest and best practical information on how to apply building science principles to structures as systems in hot-humid climate regions.

Author(s): Christian, Bonar
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: March, 2008

Presentation about building highly efficient, affordable homes in mixed-humid climates.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Williamson, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2010

Report providing builders in marine climates with guidance for building homes that have whole-house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark with no added overall costs for consumers.

An online resource for building best practices.
Author(s): Hendron, Engebrecht
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2010

Report summarizing the guidelines for developing and reporting these analytical results in a consistent and meaningful manner for all home energy uses.

Author(s): Hendron, Engebrecht
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2010

Report summarizing the guidelines for developing and reporting analytical results in a consistent and meaningful manner for all home energy uses.

Author(s): Hendron, Anderson, Judkoff, Christensen, Eastment, Norton, Reeves, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Partnership for Resource Conservation, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2004

Document illustrating some analysis concepts that are proven to be effective and reliable in analyzing the transient energy usage of advanced energy systems as well as of entire houses.

Author(s): Werling
Organization(s): CCEI
Report presenting the building america research to market plan.
Author(s): BAIHP, BIRA, BSC, CARB, DEG, IBACOS, NAHB Research Center, NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2006
Report summarizing research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Marine Climate Region on a cost-neutral basis.
Author(s): BAIHP, BIRA, BSC, CARB, DEG, IBACOS, NAHB Research Center, NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2006
Report summarizing research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Mixed-Humid Region on a cost-neutral basis.
Author(s): Judkoff, Neymark, Polly
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2011

Document about testing software predictions of retrofit energy savings in existing homes.

Author(s): Judkoff, Polly, Bianchi, Neymark
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2010

Document providing an example procedure for establishing acceptance-range criteria to assess results from software undergoing BESTEST-EX.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: April, 2010

Document presenting some of the key technical properties of many of the most common building materials.

Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: January, 2013

Website providing CAD files and drawings of advanced framing details.

Author(s): Gates
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report describing a deep energy retrofit project for a two-family wood framed home located in Belmont, Massachusetts.

Author(s): Bianchi
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2011

Report summarizing the key opportunities, gaps, and barriers identified by the national laboratory white papers discussing long-term 50% energy reduction goals.

Author(s): Spanier, Scheu, Brand, Yang
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report identifying housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen single-family housing types and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis.

Author(s): Stecher, Imm
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2013
Report about instrumentation and limited short-term testing completed on a retrofit unoccupied test house in Fresno, California.
Author(s): Cunningham, Hannigan
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study comparing various retrofit models in Wisconsin to evaluate performance in terms of savings per home and program cost per home to assess the relative cost effectiveness of each program design.

Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: January, 2011
Document containing a 3D drawing (CAD) of advanced framing details.
Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Guidance document on deep energy retrofits.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Design and Construction Process chapter provides detailed guidance for each process phase: pre-planning, planning, construction, test-out and post-occupancy.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Lessons Learned chapter focuses on successful deep energy retrofit projects throughout the U.S.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Occupant Behavior chapter discusses how to assess homeowner behavior patterns and use these patterns to enhance overall energy savings.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Over Time, Phased Guidance chapter presents a phased approach to deep energy retrofits.

Author(s): Zoeller
Organization(s): Home Energy
Publication Date: May, 2006
Information sheet describing building practices designed to withstand hurricanes.
Author(s): Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2012

Report identifying business models for the remodeling industry that foster remodelers adoption of energy efficiency services.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: April, 2017

Standard requirements for DOE's Zero Energy Ready Home national program certification.

Author(s): Hodgson, Moyer, Beal
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: September, 2005
A report describing six mechanical ventilation strategies that were evaluated for their ability to control indoor humidity levels over 14-day periods with simulated occupancy.
Author(s): EIA
Organization(s): EIA
Publication Date: January, 2009
Federal statistics about national energy consumption in residential homes.
Author(s): Zipperer, Aloise-Young, Suryanarayanan, Roche, Earle, Christensen, Bauleo, Zimmerle
Organization(s): CSU, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, University of Belfort-Montbeliard, Ft. Collins Utility
Publication Date: August, 2013

Journal article presenting a discussion of the state-of-the- art in electricity management in smart homes, the various enabling technologies that will accelerate this concept, and topics around consumer behavior with respect to energy usage.

Author(s): Bianco, Wiehagen, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report that outlines steps of translating a new home construction scopes of work to scopes of work specifically for retrofits.

Author(s): ADM Associates, Texas A&M University, FSEC, University of Nebraska, LBNL
Organization(s): California Energy Commission
Publication Date: March, 2007

Research project addressing low-cost options that reduce monthly energy costs and improve the quality of life by enhancing comfort levels in low-income homes.

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