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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: April, 2011

Internationally, code officials recognize the need for a modern, up-to-date mechanical code addressing the design and installation of mechanical systems through requirements emphasizing performance. The International Mechanical Code®, in this 2009 edition, is designed to meet these needs through model code regulations that safeguard the...

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: August, 2017

Standard addressing the design and installation of mechanical systems through requirements emphasizing performance, public health, and safety.

Author(s): Bailes
Organization(s): Energy Vanguard
Publication Date: December, 2010

Article describing products that can enhance the efficiency and safety of clothes dryer vents.

Author(s): Springer, Dakin, Backman
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: July, 2012

Research study estimating potential energy savings relative to conventional ducted air distribution, and identifying equipment requirements, costs, and barriers.

Author(s): Logue, Turner, Walker, Singer
Organization(s): LBNL
Changing the air exchange rate of a home (the sum of the infiltration and mechanical ventilation airflow rates) affects the annual thermal conditioning energy. Large-scale changes to air exchange rates of the housing stock can significantly alter the residential sectors energy consumption. However, the complexity of existing residential energy...
Author(s): Rutkowski
Organization(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Publication Date: December, 2015
The manual covers residential zoning issues - multiple, single-zone, and central multi-zone systems - and includes advice on working with homeowners to adapt the heating or cooling system design to meet modern home design features.
Author(s): RESNET
Organization(s): International Code Council
Publication Date: February, 2016

This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts and the air flows of mechanical ventilation systems.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2017

Standard establishing a test procedure for evaluating the performance of air-cleaning devices as a function of particle size.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2016

ASHRAE Standard 62.1 sets specifications and measures for ventilation system design and indoor air quality.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2010

This standard defines the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in single-family and multi-family low-rise residential buildings of three stories or less above grade.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2013

This standard defines the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in single-family and multi-family low-rise residential buildings of three stories or less above grade.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2013

Standard defining the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): Rapp, Less, Singer, Stratton, Wray
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The exhaust from residential combustion appliances contains air pollutants and high levels of moisture that must be conveyed to the outdoors to maintain acceptable indoor quality.

Author(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Organization(s): PNNL
Publication Date: September, 2009

Case study about Artistic Homes of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the first home builder in the United States to offer true net zero energy construction to the average home buyer on every home it builds.

Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: November, 2004

Brochure intended to provide readers with a working knowledge of residential heating and cooling duct systems.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2015

Strategies to control ice dams from forming on residential buildings during winter.

Author(s): Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: March, 2013

Expert meeting about the best approach to combustion safety in a direct vent world.

Author(s): Hendron, Engebrecht
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2010

Document describing the Building America research benchmark for the residential building program.

Author(s): Southface Energy Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Organization(s): Southface Energy Institute, ORNL
Publication Date: February, 2000

Information sheet with information about insulating and ventilating attics.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: August, 2012

IECC code note explaining new fan efficacy requirements, along with how to determine which fans are affected by the new fan requirements.

Author(s): Building Performance Institute
Organization(s): Building Performance Institute
Publication Date: January, 2016

The following combustion appliance safety inspection must be completed to determine if fossil fuel-fired appliances are operating safely under a depressurized condition.

Author(s): Brand, Cautley, Bohac, Francisco, Shen, Gloss
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Report on comubsion safety simplified test protocol.

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Less, Walker, Tang
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The main principle of smart ventilation used in this study is to shift ventilation from time periods with large indoor-outdoor temperature differences, to periods where these differences are smaller, and their energy impacts are expected to be less.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure with information about ducts in conditioned space.

Author(s): Turner, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This study evaluates the energy, humidity and indoor air quality implications of residential ventilation cooling in all US IECC climate zones.

Author(s): ENERGY STAR
Organization(s): ENERGY STAR
Publication Date: January, 2016

Program criteria for residential exhaust fans used for ventilation.

Author(s): Martin, Withers, McIlvaine, Chasar, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: February, 2018

This report evaluates the performance of variable-capacity comfort systems, with a focus on inverter-driven, variable-capacity systems, as well as proposed system enhancements.

Author(s): Aldrich, Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winters Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2013

Report describing the evaluation and selection of ventilation systems for homes retrofitted for energy aesthetic and health/safety improvements in Las Vegas.

Author(s): Rowley, Kerr, Brank
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance, CNT Energy, Future Energy Enterprises
Publication Date: October, 2012

Document reviewing of the current northern Illinois energy efficiency retrofit programs.

Author(s): Gordon, Lubliner, Howard, Kunkle
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Washington State University Extension Energy Program
Publication Date: October, 2013

Research study documenting market-ready energy solutions to improve the efficiency of new affordable housing in the marine climate of Washington State.

Author(s): Maxwell, Berger, Zuluaga
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2014

Report outlining research that helps inform best practices for air sealing multi-family buildings in the Northeast.

Author(s): Singer, Delp, Apte
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2010

Report on the performance of range hood exhaust fans.

Author(s): Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): DOE, EPA
Publication Date: January, 2013

Information sheet about the benefits of purchasing and installing ENERGY STAR rated fans and ventilation products.

Author(s): Martin, Fenaughty, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: January, 2018

Report outlining how Smart ventilation controls (SVC) balance energy consumption, comfort, and IAQ by optimizing mechanical ventilation operation to reduce the heating and/or cooling loads, improve management of indoor moisture, and maintain IAQ equivalence according to ASHRAE 62.2.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2005

Journal article reporting on field experience of unvented cathedralized (UC) attics in several environments in the United States.

Author(s): Hendron, Rudd, Anderson, Barley, Hancock, Townsend
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: October, 2008

Report about field testing that characterizes the uniformity of room-to-room ventilation air distribution under various operating conditions by examining multi-zone tracer gas decay curves and calculating local age-of-air.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): Vieira, Parker, Fairey III, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2013

Research study outlining savings from reducing air infiltration, with and without the addition of mechanical ventilation, using two identical laboratory homes designed to model existing Florida building stock.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: August, 2009

Report about opportunities for ventilation when traditional methods are limited by weather conditions or by contaminants in the outdoor air.

Author(s): Dickson
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Document designed to explain the issues and concerns with conventional ventilated crawlspaces and to outline prescriptive measures for improvements that will create healthier and more durable spaces.

Author(s): Dickson
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report discussing principles and approaches to closing and conditioning ventilated crawlspaces in existing homes. 

Author(s): New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Organization(s): New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
Publication Date: November, 2008

Report about indoor air quality related to indoor mold growth.

Author(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Organization(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Publication Date: February, 2018

Website with articles on home ventilation and indoor air quality.

Author(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Organization(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Publication Date: September, 2013

Publication specifying HVI’s prescriptive procedures for testing and rating airflow of residential ventilation products in accordance with ANSI consensus standards.

Author(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Organization(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Publication Date: September, 2015

Publication describing the requirements and procedures for the certified performance ratings program for residential ventilation products administered by the Home Ventilating Institute.

Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): Less, Mullen, Singer, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This research study used pollutant measurements, home inspections, diagnostic testing and occupant surveys to assess IAQ in 24 new or deeply retrofitted homes designed to be high performance green buildings in California.

Author(s): Nich, Gromicko
Organization(s): International Association of Certified Home Inspectors
Publication Date: March, 2018

Article describing the correct installation of clothes dryer exhaust ducts.

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