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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Brown
Organization(s): National Research Council Canada
Publication Date: January, 1997

Research study dcribing an evaluation of selected windows undertaken by IRC researchers at Ottawa’s Laurier House (now being used as a museum) to determine their effectiveness in controlling condensation.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2010

Factsheet describing the importance of system charging, superheat and subcooling.

Author(s): German, Bell, Dakin, Hoeschele
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report assessing the performance and cost-effectiveness of a zero net energy community project in Davis, CA.

Author(s): Parker
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2008
Document describing the measured annual performance data from 12 recent-vintage very low energy homes in the US.
Author(s): Christian, Kosny
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: March, 1996

Report proposing a procedure for estimating the whole opaque wall R-value (whole-wall R-value), independent of system type and construction materials.

Author(s): Cautley, Viner, Lord, Pearce
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report using data from various sources to characterize the impact on human health and property damage from indoor environmental quality and other hazards.

Author(s): Roberts
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2012

Document about NREL's repository of residential building characteristics and historical energy use data, used to improve accuracy of residential energy analysis tools.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: January, 2012

Document about development of a new test procedure to increase the quality and accuracy of energy analysis tools for the building retrofit market.

Author(s): Butler, Curtis, Kim, Roberts, Sephenson
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: March, 2013
Report outlining the features of a new house, discusses the implementation of the energy efficient design, and presents the results of short-term characterization testing.
Author(s): German, Siddiqi, Dakin
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research project evaluating the pre-and post-retrofit energy consumption of a marine climate retrofit, compare actual energy use to original predictions, and identify opportunities for cost savings in other similar retrofits in this climate.

Author(s): Savage, Hunt
Organization(s): BARA, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Building Media
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report intending to provide useful information as the DOE/BA develops and implements comprehensive communications and outreach strategies for demonstration homes.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: June, 2017

Standard Work Specifications (SWS) are a major component of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project and define the minimum requirements to ensure that the work performed during home energy upgrades is effective, durable, and safe.

Author(s): ASTM
Organization(s): ASTM
Publication Date: November, 2017

These test methods describe two techniques for measuring air leakage rates through a building envelope in buildings that may be configured to a single zone.

Author(s): ASTM
Organization(s): ASTM
Publication Date: January, 2011
Test method designed to obtain reliable values for the WVTR of plastic film and sheeting.
Author(s): ASTM
Organization(s): ASTM
Publication Date: January, 2010
Test method providing a rapid means of determining the steady-state thermal transmission properties of thermal insulations and other materials with a high level of accuracy when the apparatus has been calibrated appropriately.
Author(s): ASTM
Organization(s): https://www.astm.org/Standards/E779.htm
Publication Date: February, 2010

This test method measures air-leakage rates through a building envelope under controlled pressurization and de-pressurization.

Author(s): ASTM
Organization(s): ASTM
Publication Date: January, 2011
Test method designed to measure the air permeance of flexible sheet or rigid panel-type materials.
Author(s): German, Weitzel, Backman, Hoeschele, Dakin
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: December, 2012

Research study presenting a unique opportunity to both identify and evaluate deep retrofit measures that are practical and potentially cost effective for the retrofit market, as well as review the cost effectiveness of the Passive House design approach for achieving energy savings in deep retrofits.

Author(s): Poerschke, Stecher
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2014

Study conducted to help determine cost-effective solutions for heating and cooling houses that are designed to be energy efficient. 

Author(s): Lyons
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report summarizing commissioning, short-term testing, and analysis that occurred before, during, and just after the actual retrofit of the Bay Ridge project.

Author(s): Schoenbauer, Bohac, McAlpine, Hewett
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: June, 2017

This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water (DHW) and forced air space heating. Called "combi" systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's...

Author(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2010

Report about a tool developed to enable users to compare a typical 1970s ranch home against an IECC 2009 code_compliant home of the same configuration and against the 70s base case plus retrofits.

Author(s): Earle, Sparn
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2012

Report summarizing the results of laboratory testing of 20 advanced power strip products.

Author(s): German, Hoeschele
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: December, 2014

Report evaluating mechanical AC precooling strategies in homes as a method for improving the load factor by shifting cooling operation from on-peak to off-peak hours.

Author(s): Spitler, Xing, Cullin, Fisher, Shonder, Im
Organization(s): Oklahoma State University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2010

Paper covering a parametric study of foundation heat exchanger-based ground source heat pump systems for several house configurations in a range of European locations, with an emphasis on determining feasible combinations.

Author(s): Taggart, Sikora, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report designed to help a builder understand quality management and its role in transitioning from conventional to HPH building and remodeling.

Author(s): Parker, Hoak, Cummings
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: January, 2008
Paper briefly reviewing past research and describing a two year pilot evaluation of a low cost residential energy feedback system installed in twenty case study homes in Florida.
Author(s): Parker, Hoak, Cummings
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: August, 2010
Report briefly reviewing past research and describes a two year pilot evaluation of a low cost residential energy feedback system installed in twenty case study homes in Florida.
Author(s): Sherwin, Colon, Parker, Martin
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: December, 2010
Paper examining the monitored performance of four newly constructed near zero energy homes in Florida.
Author(s): Weitzel, German, Porse
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report presenting performance results from tests conducted on an energy efficiency retrofit project in Stockton, California.

Author(s): Shah, Kochkin
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

The next generation of building enclosures is a key step toward achieving high-performance goals through decreasing energy load demand and enabling advanced space-conditioning systems. Yet the adoption of high-R enclosures and particularly high-R walls has been a slow-growing trend because mainstream builders are hesitant to make the...

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: June, 2014
Describes methods for testing duct systems to determine their performance under standard conditions.
Author(s): Sutherland, Parker, Chasar, Hoak
Organization(s): Florida Solar Energy Center
Publication Date: August, 2014
A lighting and smart power strip retrofit evaluation was conducted on 56 all-electric, existing Florida homes to see how lighting and miscellaneous electric loads might be reduced.
Author(s): Chasar, vonSchramm
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2012

Report summarizing a case study about the performance of three occupied homes built in 2009 in San Antonio, Texas.

Author(s): Martin, Sutherland, Parker
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: August, 2016

Repor ourlining testing results from a 53 home monitored sample, long-term energy use of electric resistance clothes dryers.

Author(s): Springer, Dakin, German
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: April, 2012

The purpose of this measure guideline on ventilation cooling is to provide information on a cost effective solution for reducing cooling system energy and demand in homes located in hot-dry and cold-dry climates.

Author(s): Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: May, 2014

This measure guideline provides guidance on combustion safety inspection procedures for appliances and heating equipment that use indoor air for combustion and dilution of flue gases in low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): Fitzgerald, Bohac
Organization(s): Center for Energy and Environment, NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: May, 2014
This Measure Guideline covers how to assess and carry out the isolation of natural draft combustion appliances from the conditioned spaces of low-rise residential buildings.
Author(s): Cummings, Withers, LaHiff
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: December, 2009
Research study describing field testing performed in 32 two-story Florida homes to characterize wind washing failures of the house air and thermal boundary.
Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): Karagiozis
Organization(s): ORNL, Advanced Energy
Publication Date: June, 2005
Report outlining results from a 2005 hygrothermal pilot study in the South.
Author(s): Raymer, Moyer
Organization(s): Tamarack Technologies, Florida Solar Energy Center
Publication Date: July, 2006

Correcting pressure imbalances in your HVAC system can result in a healthier, more efficient home.

Author(s): Holladay
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: April, 2012
Website blog with guidance about calculating heat-loss.
Author(s): Petrie, Kosny, Desjarlais, Atchley, Childs, Ternes, Christian
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2003

Report sumarizing results of an ICF investigation of side-by-side houses in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Author(s): McCullough, Gordon
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2002

Report discussing the potential energy savings of new high-efficiency downlights, and the results of product testing to date.

Author(s): Sparn, Hudon, Earle, Booten, Tabares-Velasco, Barker, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report presenting results of short term tests on a mueasures used in an energy efficiency retrofit project in California.

Author(s): Wiehagen, Del Bianco, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: February, 2013
Report detailing field walk-through evaluations, energy simulations for projected savings with exterior insulation upgrades, building envelope energy improvement cost estimates, and installation and maintenance of monitoring equipment and data.
Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): Desjarlais, Kosny, Christian
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2001

Presentation about results from an insulating concrete form energy efficiency study in Knoxville, TN.

Author(s): Fang, Christensen, Barker, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2011

Report describing a simple and general way to generate a House Simulation Protocol (HSP)-consistent internal sensible and latent loads in unoccupied homes.

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