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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Polly, Gestwick, Bianchi, Anderson, Horowitz, Christensen, Judkoff
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: April, 2011

Report describing an analysis method for determining optimal residential energy efficiency retrofit packages and applies the analysis method to a 1960s-era home in eight U.S. cities.

Author(s): Beach, Dickson, Grisolia, Poerschke, Rapport
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: August, 2017

This report describes an air distribution system composed of a series of uniformly-sized ducts that terminate in rooms throughout the home and return to a central manifold, similar in fashion to a “home-run” cross-linked polyethylene plumbing system. With a well-designed manifold, each duct receives an equal static pressure...

Author(s): Air Diffusion Council
Organization(s): Air Diffusion Council
Publication Date: January, 2013
Standard that sets forth the specific methods of testing flexible air ducts used for indoor comfort heating, ventilating and air conditioning applications.
Author(s): Dentz, Conlin, Holloway, Podorson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: March, 2014

In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques - manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings....

Author(s): Prahl, Beach
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report outlining workflow and results of regression models on monthly and daily utility data (meter readings of electricity consumption), outlining a process for screening and gathering useful results from inverse models.
Author(s): RESNET
Organization(s): International Code Council
Publication Date: February, 2016

This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts and the air flows of mechanical ventilation systems.

Author(s): Baechler, Bartlett, Gilbride
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2009

Document providing guidance to U.S. home builders who want to accept the challenge.

Author(s): Hendron, Engebrecht
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2010

Report summarizing the guidelines for developing and reporting these analytical results in a consistent and meaningful manner for all home energy uses.

Author(s): Judkoff, Neymark, Polly
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2011

Document about testing software predictions of retrofit energy savings in existing homes.

Author(s): Judkoff, Polly, Bianchi, Neymark
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2010

Document providing an example procedure for establishing acceptance-range criteria to assess results from software undergoing BESTEST-EX.

Author(s): Bianchi
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2011

Report summarizing the key opportunities, gaps, and barriers identified by the national laboratory white papers discussing long-term 50% energy reduction goals.

Author(s): Knox, Widder
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report recording the results of a field study conducted in a single historic home in Seattle, Washington, to document the performance of Indow Windows' interior storm window inserts.

Author(s): Building Performance Institute
Organization(s): Building Performance Institute
Publication Date: January, 2016

The following combustion appliance safety inspection must be completed to determine if fossil fuel-fired appliances are operating safely under a depressurized condition.

Author(s): Stecher, Imm
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2013
Report about instrumentation and limited short-term testing completed on a retrofit unoccupied test house in Fresno, California.
Author(s): Cunningham, Hannigan
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study comparing various retrofit models in Wisconsin to evaluate performance in terms of savings per home and program cost per home to assess the relative cost effectiveness of each program design.

Author(s): Portland Cement Association
Organization(s): Portland Cement Association
Publication Date: January, 2012
Document discussing moisture considerations and testing techniques for concrete floors.
Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Cort, Culp
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2014

Research study evaluating energy savings and cost effectiveness of installing low-emissivity (low-e) storm windows over existing windows in residential homes in all climate zones.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Design and Construction Process chapter provides detailed guidance for each process phase: pre-planning, planning, construction, test-out and post-occupancy.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Occupant Behavior chapter discusses how to assess homeowner behavior patterns and use these patterns to enhance overall energy savings.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Over Time, Phased Guidance chapter presents a phased approach to deep energy retrofits.

Author(s): Neymark, Roberts
Organization(s): J. Neymark & Associates, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2013

Report describing the progress toward and issues related to developing a usable, standardized, empirical data-based software accuracy test suite.

Author(s): Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2012

Report identifying business models for the remodeling industry that foster remodelers adoption of energy efficiency services.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: September, 2014

Website with prepopulated information about the United States renewable resources.

Author(s): Drumheller, Carll
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: April, 2010

The objective of this research was to quantify the field performance of wood-frame walls clad with a variety of common claddings in a mixed-humid climate.

Author(s): Zipperer, Aloise-Young, Suryanarayanan, Roche, Earle, Christensen, Bauleo, Zimmerle
Organization(s): CSU, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, University of Belfort-Montbeliard, Ft. Collins Utility
Publication Date: August, 2013

Journal article presenting a discussion of the state-of-the- art in electricity management in smart homes, the various enabling technologies that will accelerate this concept, and topics around consumer behavior with respect to energy usage.

Author(s): Burdick, Poerschke, Rapport
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2014
Report using a field test plan to evaluate the success of implementing energy efficiency upgrades at the community scale incorporating whole-house systems integrated measures package (SIMP).
Author(s): McIlvaine, Sutherland, Martin
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study examining efficiency retrofit opportunities, typical renovation practices, and pathways for achieving U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goals for existing homes in Florida.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: November, 2015

This report is designed to meet ASHRAE 62.2-2010/2013 and ANSI/ACCA’s 5 QI-2015 protocol, thereby improving the performance of HVAC equipment in new homes when compared to homes built to minimum code.

Author(s): Martin, Withers, McIlvaine, Chasar, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: February, 2018

This report evaluates the performance of variable-capacity comfort systems, with a focus on inverter-driven, variable-capacity systems, as well as proposed system enhancements.

Author(s): Robertson, Polly, Collis
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2013

Research study simulation adapting and applies the general framework described in Building Energy Simulation Test for Existing Homes for self-testing residential building energy model calibration methods.

Author(s): Yee, Milby, Baker
Organization(s): PARR
Publication Date: June, 2014

Study investigating homeowner measure package choices in the Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program compared to cost-optimal choices determined through Building Energy Optimization (BEopt) modeling software.

Author(s): Cullin, Xing, Lee, Spitler, Fisher
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2012

Study characterizing how foundation heat exchangers (FHXs) used in residential  ground source heat pump systems represent a potential cost savings due to their lesser first cost over other types of heat exchangers.

Author(s): Edwards, Bohac, Nelson, Smith
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report about a project focused on the use of home energy ratings as a tool to promote energy retrofits in existing homes.

Author(s): Levy, Dentz, Ansanelli, Barker, Rath, Dadia
Organization(s): ARIES Collaborative
Publication Date: March, 2016

Through field-testing and analysis, this project evaluated whole-building approaches and estimated the relative contributions of select technologies toward reducing energy use related to space conditioning in new manufactured homes.

Author(s): Parker
Organization(s): FESC
Publication Date: March, 1998

Report comparing a high-performance house with a code-built control home.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2005

Journal article reporting on field experience of unvented cathedralized (UC) attics in several environments in the United States.

Author(s): Fang, Christensen, Barker, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2011

Report describing a simple and general way to generate a House Simulation Protocol (HSP)-consistent internal sensible and latent loads in unoccupied homes.

Author(s): Desjarlais, Kosny, Christian
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2001

Presentation about results from an insulating concrete form energy efficiency study in Knoxville, TN.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): Wiehagen, Del Bianco, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: February, 2013
Report detailing field walk-through evaluations, energy simulations for projected savings with exterior insulation upgrades, building envelope energy improvement cost estimates, and installation and maintenance of monitoring equipment and data.
Author(s): Sparn, Hudon, Earle, Booten, Tabares-Velasco, Barker, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report presenting results of short term tests on a mueasures used in an energy efficiency retrofit project in California.

Author(s): McCullough, Gordon
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2002

Report discussing the potential energy savings of new high-efficiency downlights, and the results of product testing to date.

Author(s): Petrie, Kosny, Desjarlais, Atchley, Childs, Ternes, Christian
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2003

Report sumarizing results of an ICF investigation of side-by-side houses in Knoxville, Tennessee.

Author(s): Holladay
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: April, 2012
Website blog with guidance about calculating heat-loss.
Author(s): Raymer, Moyer
Organization(s): Tamarack Technologies, Florida Solar Energy Center
Publication Date: July, 2006

Correcting pressure imbalances in your HVAC system can result in a healthier, more efficient home.

Author(s): Karagiozis
Organization(s): ORNL, Advanced Energy
Publication Date: June, 2005
Report outlining results from a 2005 hygrothermal pilot study in the South.
Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): Cummings, Withers, LaHiff
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: December, 2009
Research study describing field testing performed in 32 two-story Florida homes to characterize wind washing failures of the house air and thermal boundary.
Author(s): Fitzgerald, Bohac
Organization(s): Center for Energy and Environment, NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: May, 2014
This Measure Guideline covers how to assess and carry out the isolation of natural draft combustion appliances from the conditioned spaces of low-rise residential buildings.

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