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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: April, 2011

Internationally, code officials recognize the need for a modern, up-to-date mechanical code addressing the design and installation of mechanical systems through requirements emphasizing performance. The International Mechanical Code®, in this 2009 edition, is designed to meet these needs through model code regulations that safeguard the...

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2001

Document describing advancement in factory built housing innovations.

Author(s): Beach, Dickson, Grisolia, Poerschke, Rapport
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: August, 2017

This report describes an air distribution system composed of a series of uniformly-sized ducts that terminate in rooms throughout the home and return to a central manifold, similar in fashion to a “home-run” cross-linked polyethylene plumbing system. With a well-designed manifold, each duct receives an equal static pressure...

Author(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Organization(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Publication Date: December, 2013
Standard outlining industry procedure for sizing residential duct systems.
Author(s): Rutkowski
Organization(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Publication Date: December, 2015
The manual covers residential zoning issues - multiple, single-zone, and central multi-zone systems - and includes advice on working with homeowners to adapt the heating or cooling system design to meet modern home design features.
Author(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Organization(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Publication Date: January, 2014
Detailed guide to advanced framing, a system of construction framing techniques designed to optimize material usage and increase energy efficiency.
Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2011

Document providing guideance and considerations for duct design in an energy efficient house.

Author(s): Prahl, Beach
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report outlining workflow and results of regression models on monthly and daily utility data (meter readings of electricity consumption), outlining a process for screening and gathering useful results from inverse models.
Author(s): Mallay, Kochkin
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: March, 2018

This report outlines research activities that are expected to facilitate the adoption of energy retrofits by remodeling contractors and roofing contractors using retrofit panels. The results of this research will be applicable to many existing house designs in most climates and markets. The potential energy savings impact of this technology...

Author(s): Acker, Klein
Organization(s): Home Energy
Publication Date: October, 2006
Article describing how demand plumbing systems send cold water back to the water heater until hot water arrives at the sink, shower or other fixture where it is needed.
Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Adams, Butner, Oritz, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2011

Report describing measures that builders in mixed-humid climates can use to build homes that have whole-house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark with no added overall costs for consumers.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

The Builder's Guide provides the building industry with the latest and best practical information on how to apply building science principles to structures as systems in hot-humid climate regions.

Author(s): Christian, Bonar
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: March, 2008

Presentation about building highly efficient, affordable homes in mixed-humid climates.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2011

Guide describing measures that builders in the cold and very cold climates can take to build homes that have whole-house energy savings of 40% over the Building America benchmark with no added overall costs for consumers.

Author(s): BAIHP, BIRA, BSC, CARB, DEG, IBACOS, NAHB Research Center, NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2006
Report summarizing research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Marine Climate Region on a cost-neutral basis.
Author(s): Grin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: February, 2011

Presentation about advanced framing techniques.

Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: January, 2013

Website providing CAD files and drawings of advanced framing details.

Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: December, 2013

Information sheets containing plans and details for advanced framing.

Author(s): Sullivan
Organization(s): Earth Advantage Institute, Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: June, 2011
Training manual on how to locate ducts within conditioned space and compact design.
Author(s): Advanced Energy
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: July, 2005

This guide is an introduction to the design components, field implementation, code requirements, and measured performance of crawl space construction in central and eastern North Carolina.

Author(s): Green Building Advisor
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: January, 2011
Document containing a 3D drawing (CAD) of advanced framing details.
Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Information sheet about crawlspace insulation, including installation details.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Design and Construction Process chapter provides detailed guidance for each process phase: pre-planning, planning, construction, test-out and post-occupancy.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Lessons Learned chapter focuses on successful deep energy retrofit projects throughout the U.S.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Occupant Behavior chapter discusses how to assess homeowner behavior patterns and use these patterns to enhance overall energy savings.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Over Time, Phased Guidance chapter presents a phased approach to deep energy retrofits.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2015

Part of a larger LBNL report (Deep Energy Retrofit Guidance for the Building America Solutions Center), the Reducing costs and Increasing Cost-Effectiveness chapter provides suggestions for controlling deep retrofit costs, including both 'do's' and 'don'ts.'

Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal, Fairey
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: October, 2014
This study focuses on the design, construction, and performance of the interior chase approach as implemented by five different builders in Texas, North Carolina, and Florida
Author(s): Bianco, Wiehagen, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report that outlines steps of translating a new home construction scopes of work to scopes of work specifically for retrofits.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: February, 2018

Website from the U.S. Department of Energy providing consumers with information on saving energy and using renewable energy technologies.  

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: November, 2015

This report is designed to meet ASHRAE 62.2-2010/2013 and ANSI/ACCA’s 5 QI-2015 protocol, thereby improving the performance of HVAC equipment in new homes when compared to homes built to minimum code.

Author(s): Yee, Milby, Baker
Organization(s): PARR
Publication Date: June, 2014

Study investigating homeowner measure package choices in the Illinois Home Performance with ENERGY STAR program compared to cost-optimal choices determined through Building Energy Optimization (BEopt) modeling software.

Author(s): Parker, Sherwin
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: March, 2008
Report about an experimental evaluation conducted on a night sky cooling system designed to substantially reduce space cooling needs in homes in North American climates.
Author(s): Levy, Dentz, Ansanelli, Barker, Rath, Dadia
Organization(s): ARIES Collaborative

Report a field evaluation of four novel roof designs in energy-efficient manufactured homes.

Author(s): Xing, Cullin, Fisher, Shonder, Im
Organization(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2011

Article describing a numerical model that can be used to size foundation heat exchanger (FHX) systems.

Author(s): Lstiburek, Brennan
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2001

Document providing guidance about building healthy homes using building science principles.

Author(s): Baechler, Williamson, Gilbride, Cole, Hefty, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2010

Report outlining climate designations by the Building America program, and compares these regions to the IECC climate zones.

Author(s): Straube, Grin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2009

Report that considers a number of promising wall systems that can meet the requirement for better thermal control.

Author(s): Holladay
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: November, 2011

Information sheet presenting the correct methods for building an insulated cathedral ceiling.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2006

Article outlining the casuses and solutions for ice dam problems.

Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): Springer, German
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group

Report on on lessons learned from building one multifamily home to the Zero Energy Ready Home program requirements.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2006

Report discussing the importance of durability and energy efficiency in building construction.

Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report describing as-found interior platform return plenums, the magnitude of their contribution to the total amount of duct leakage, and techniques and results of retrofits executed by the HVAC trade during equipment replacement.

Author(s): Chasar, vonSchramm
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2012

Report summarizing a case study about the performance of three occupied homes built in 2009 in San Antonio, Texas.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: June, 2014
Describes methods for testing duct systems to determine their performance under standard conditions.
Author(s): Siegenthaler
Organization(s): Delmar CENGAGE Learning
Publication Date: January, 2012
Book with indepth information about hydronic systems for residential and commercial buildings.

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