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This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Koser, Uthe
Organization(s): NYSERDA
Publication Date: August, 2011
Report investigating implemention of advanced power strips for entertainment and home office electronics would reduce energy consumption across the residential market.
Author(s): EIA
Organization(s): EIA
Publication Date: December, 2013
Report with updated energy consumption data for 28 residential & commercial miscellaneous electric loads (MELs), including projections to 2040.
Author(s): Gilbride, Baechler, Hefty, Hand, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: August, 2011
Report providing information about energy-efficient heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) equipment options to help homeowners cut their energy use, reduce their carbon footprint, and increase their homes comfort, health, and safety.
Author(s): Gifford
Organization(s): American Boiler Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: January, 2004
Part 2 of an article discussing how to maximize two-pipe steam systems.
Author(s): American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Organization(s): American Society of Mechanical Engineers
Publication Date: January, 2012
Standard covering requirements for the assembly, installation, maintenance, and operation of controls and safety devices on automatically operated boilers directly fired with gas, oil, gas-oil, or electricity, having fuel input ratings under 12,500,000 Btu/hr.
Author(s): Less, Walker, Tang
Organization(s): LBNL
The main principle of smart ventilation used in this study is to shift ventilation from time periods with large indoor-outdoor temperature differences, to periods where these differences are smaller, and their energy impacts are expected to be less.
Author(s): DOE
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: February, 2018

Website from the U.S. Department of Energy providing consumers with information on saving energy and using renewable energy technologies.  

Author(s): Cummings, Withers
Organization(s): BA-PIRC
Publication Date: December, 2011
Research study describing experiments run in an unoccupied 1600 ft2 house to evaluate the delivered performance as well as the relative performance of a SEER 21 variable capacity heat pump versus a SEER 13 heat pump.
Author(s): EPA
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

Website providing consumer information about ceiling fans, including specifications and buying guidance.

Author(s): Rudd, Ueno, Bergey, Osser
Organization(s): BSC, NREL
Publication Date: June, 2012
Expert meeting describing meeting details for recommendations for applying water heaters in combination space and domestic water heating systems.
Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: July, 2013
Expert meeting report recommending approaches to humidity control in high performance homes.
Author(s): Martin, Fenaughty, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, FSEC
Publication Date: January, 2018

Report outlining how Smart ventilation controls (SVC) balance energy consumption, comfort, and IAQ by optimizing mechanical ventilation operation to reduce the heating and/or cooling loads, improve management of indoor moisture, and maintain IAQ equivalence according to ASHRAE 62.2.

Author(s): Sachs, Tiefenbeck, Duvier, Qin, Cheney, Akers, Roth
Organization(s): Fraunhofer CSE, NREL
Publication Date: December, 2012
Research study evaluating a low-cost and scalable way to reduce heating energy consumption using the energy-saving features of programmable thermostats (i.e., automatic daytime and nighttime setbacks).
Author(s): Calwell, Horowitz
Organization(s): Home Energy Magazine
Publication Date: June, 2001
Online article describing how ceiling fans are one of the most popular and generally well regarded of all home energy efficiency features.
Author(s): Gifford
Organization(s): American Boiler Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: June, 2003
Article describing how to use radiator inlet orifices optimize two-pipe steam heating systems.
Author(s): Dentz, Henderson
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: April, 2012

Report evaluating the relative effectiveness of various control and distribution strategies to improve hydronic space heating performance in existing low-rise multifamily buildings

Author(s): Walker, Stratton
Organization(s): LBNL
Report on performance of current diagnostics as well as a draft test method for use in future air flow evaluations.
Author(s): Walker, Stratton
Organization(s): LBNL, California Energy Commission

Guidance on performance of current diagnostics as well as a draft test method for use in future air flow evaluations.

Author(s): Springer, Dakin
Organization(s): ARBI
Publication Date: March, 2013
Document targeting home performance contractors who are relatively inexperienced with HVAC systems, HVAC technicians who can benefit from recent research on AC system faults and diagnostic methods, and program managers who may apply this information in structuring successful HVAC tune-up programs.
Author(s): Arena
Organization(s): CARB
Publication Date: February, 2014
Report providing step-by-step instructions for heating contractors and hydronic designers for selecting the proper control settings to maximize system performance and improve response time when using a thermostat setback.
Author(s): Springer, Dakin, German
Organization(s): ARBI, NREL
Publication Date: April, 2012
The purpose of this measure guideline on ventilation cooling is to provide information on a cost effective solution for reducing cooling system energy and demand in homes located in hot-dry and cold-dry climates.
Author(s): Sutherland, Parker, Chasar, Hoak
Organization(s): Florida Solar Energy Center
Publication Date: August, 2014
A lighting and smart power strip retrofit evaluation was conducted on 56 all-electric, existing Florida homes to see how lighting and miscellaneous electric loads might be reduced.
Author(s): Arena, Faakye
Organization(s): CARB
Publication Date: October, 2013
Research study using modeling to determine optimal combination(s) of components/pumps, high efficiency heat sources, plumbing configurations and controls that result in the highest overall efficiency for a hydronic system.
Author(s): Rudd, Lstiburek, Eng, Ueno
Organization(s): BSC, NREL
Publication Date: February, 2005
Research study identifying the best performing, most energy-efficient and cost- effective techniques to provide controlled mechanical ventilation and humidity control in hot- humid climates with thermally efficient building envelopes.
Author(s): LBNL
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: October, 2014
Website with product and standards information about ceiling fans.
Author(s): Earle, Sparn
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: August, 2012
Report summarizing the results of laboratory testing of 20 advanced power strip products.
Author(s): Russell, Sherman, Rudd
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: August, 2005
Document reviewing current and potential ventilation technologies for residential buildings with particular emphasis on North American climates and construction.
Author(s): NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: October, 2013
Infographic providing details on choosing the right advanced power strip based on your habits to reduce the electricity wasted when your electronic devices are idle.
Author(s): EPA
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: May, 2011

Specifications to assist builders in designing and constructing homes equipped with a set of features that make the installation of solar energy systems after the completion of the home’s construction easier and less expensive.

Author(s): NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: June, 2017

Standard Work Specifications (SWS) are a major component of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project and define the minimum requirements to ensure that the work performed during home energy upgrades is effective, durable, and safe.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: July, 2013

This document covers a description of the need and applied solutions for supplemental dehumidification in warm-humid climates, especially for energy efficient homes where the sensible cooling load has been dramatically reduced.

Author(s): McNamara
Organization(s): NYSERDA
Publication Date: December, 1995
This report describes the results of a multiyear research project that investigated the energy savings attributable to thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs) installed on one-pipe steam distribution systems.
Author(s): Dentz, Ansanelli
Organization(s): ARIES
Publication Date: January, 2015
In this project aimed to better understand the current usage of TRVs by key market players in steam and hot water heating and to conduct limited experiments on the effectiveness of new and old TRVs as a means of controlling space temperatures and reducing heating fuel consumption.