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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report including testing and analysis on deep energy retrofits of existing single-family homes in the U.S.

Author(s): Logue, Turner, Walker, Singer
Organization(s): LBNL
Changing the air exchange rate of a home (the sum of the infiltration and mechanical ventilation airflow rates) affects the annual thermal conditioning energy. Large-scale changes to air exchange rates of the housing stock can significantly alter the residential sectors energy consumption. However, the complexity of existing residential energy...
Author(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Organization(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Publication Date: April, 2016

Vinyl siding estimating and installation guide for vinyl siding products.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: May, 2009
Brochure about creating an air barrier by sealing drywall assemblies.
Author(s): BSC
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: May, 2009
Brochure about creating an air barrier at tub, shower and fireplace walls.
Author(s): Dentz, Conlin, Holloway, Podorson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES
Publication Date: March, 2014
In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques - manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings.
Author(s): Health Canada, Environment Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Organization(s): Health Canada
Publication Date: June, 2001

Document reporting results from a study done to evaluate effects of automotive emissions from attached garages on the indoor environment.

Author(s): Van der Meer
Organization(s): Pennsylvania Housing Research/Resource Center
Publication Date: May, 2002

Recessed lighting is here to stay. If installed incorrectly they may contribute to air leakage and compromise building integrity.

Author(s): Dentz, Conlin
Organization(s): ARIES
Publication Date: October, 2012
Research study identifying common air leakage pathways in one type of low-rise multifamily building common in mixed-humid climates.
Author(s): BSC
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: May, 2009
Brochure about air sealing windows.
Author(s): Holladay
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: July, 2011
Website article interviewing the inventor of the Larsen truss, a history of its use, and a discussion of its advantages and disadvantages.
Author(s): Baker, Yee, Brand
Organization(s): PARR
Publication Date: September, 2013
Report that collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for 15 housing types.
Author(s): RESNET
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: February, 2016

This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts and the air flows of mechanical ventilation systems.

Author(s): Grin, Smegal, Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: December, 2013
Report covering moisture and leakage issues associated with spray foam insulation application to the underside of roof sheathing.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: February, 2010
Document providing background and approach for the prep work necessary prior to adding attic insulation - focusing on combustion safety, ventilation for indoor air quality, and attic ventilation for durability.
Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): BSC, NREL
Publication Date: June, 2012
Report about a project that examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago, Illinois, brick bungalow.
Author(s): Seifert
Organization(s): University of Alaska
Publication Date: January, 2003
Document describing approaches to energy efficiency and moisture considerations for roofs in northern climates.
Author(s): PNNL
Organization(s): PNNL
Publication Date: September, 2009
Case study about Artistic Homes of Albuquerque, New Mexico, the first home builder in the United States to offer true net zero energy construction to the average home buyer on every home it builds.
Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: November, 2015
Strategies to control ice dams from forming on residential buildings during winter.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: April, 2014
Article describing correct ways to apply insulation to existing attics.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
The Builder's Guide provides the building industry with the latest and best practical information on how to apply building science principles to structures as systems in hot-humid climate regions.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
A book about structurally insulated panels.
Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2012
Guide to help contractors and homeowners identify ways to make homes more comfortable, more energy efficient, and healthier to live in.
Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Williamson, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: April, 2010
Report identifying the steps to take, with the help of a qualified home performance contractor, to seal unwanted air leaks while ensuring healthy levels of ventilation and avoiding sources of indoor air pollution.
Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2013
Document providing descriptions of the many insulation options available to homeowners, along with guidance on where, when, and how to install insulation throughout your house.
Author(s): Baechler, Taylor, Bartlett, Gilbride
Organization(s): PNNL
Publication Date: December, 2004

Report discussing minimum requirements for attaining ENERGY STAR, and other techniques developed within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Building America program.

Author(s): Baechler, Taylor, Bartlett, Gilbride, Hefty, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: September, 2005
Document providing a resource to help builders large and small build high-quality, energy-efficient homes that achieve 30% energy savings in space conditioning and water heating in the hot-dry and mixed-dry climates.
Author(s): BAIHP, BIRA, BSC, CARB, DEG, IBACOS, NAHB Research Center, NREL
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2006
Report summarizing research results for the 30% energy savings level and demonstrates that lead builders can successfully provide 30% homes in the Mixed-Humid Region on a cost-neutral basis.
Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: February, 2011

This report will review, and summarize the current state of understanding and research into enclosures with higher thermal resistance, so-called “High-R Enclosures.” Recommendations are provided for further research.

Author(s): Straube, Smegal
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: March, 2009
Report considers a number of promising wall systems that can meet the requirement for better thermal control.
Author(s): Gates
Organization(s): BSC, NREL
Publication Date: January, 2013
Report describing a deep energy retrofit project for a two-family wood framed home located in Belmont, Massachusetts.
Author(s): Wytrykowska, Ueno, Van Straaten
Organization(s): BSC, NREL
Publication Date: September, 2012
Report describing findings from a multifamily test home focusing on the combination of energy measures that are feasible, affordable and suitable for multifamily construction in cold climates.
Author(s): Donnelly, Mahle
Organization(s): CARB, NREL
Publication Date: March, 2012
Report about City of Meriden Housing Authority's (MHA) collaboration with Jonathon Rose Companies to complete a gut renovation of 126 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project.
Author(s): Knox, Widder
Organization(s): PNNL
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report recording the results of a field study conducted in a single historic home in Seattle, Washington, to document the performance of Indow Windows' interior storm window inserts.

Author(s): Spanier, Scheu, Brand, Yang
Organization(s): PARR, NREL
Publication Date: June, 2012
Report identifying housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen single-family housing types and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis.
Author(s): Jackson
Organization(s): Journal of Light Construction
Publication Date: October, 1997
Document providing guidance about choosing the correct caulk for a project.
Author(s): Advanced Energy
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: July, 2005

This guide is an introduction to the design components, field implementation, code requirements, and measured performance of crawl space construction in central and eastern North Carolina.

Author(s): Building Performance Institute
Organization(s): Building Performance Institute
Publication Date: January, 2016

The following combustion appliance safety inspection must be completed to determine if fossil fuel-fired appliances are operating safely under a depressurized condition.

Author(s): Brand, Cautley, Bohac, Francisco, Shen, Gloss
Organization(s): NREL
Report on comubsion safety simplified test protocol.
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: November, 2004
Report outlining how conditioned crawlspaces perform better than vented crawlspaces in terms of safety, health, comfort, durability and energy consumption.
Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. The Guide is aligned with the provisions of the 2012...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011
This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.
Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB
Publication Date: November, 2014
Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.
Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): BSC
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: September, 2009
Information sheet about air sealing.

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