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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report summarizing results from a case study about whole-house mechanical ventilation systems in Chicago.

Author(s): Southface Energy Institute, ORNL
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: March, 1999
Brochure about how to install and use a whole-house fan.
Author(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2019
Author(s): Fairey, Parker, Vieira, Martin
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2014
Preliminary results of two monitored lab homes constructed to represent the thermal characteristics of typical existing Florida homes are presented.
Author(s): Turner, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This study uses a computer simulation approach to examine the energy and indoor air quality implications of passive and hybrid ventilation systems.

Case study on exhaust ventilation and corresponding outdoor air intake strategies implemented in high-performance new-construction multifamily buildings.
Author(s): Russell, Sherman, Rudd
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2005

Document reviewing current and potential ventilation technologies for residential buildings with particular emphasis on North American climates and construction.

Author(s): Metzger, Goyl, Baechler
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2017

This research paper outlines residential HVAC advanced controls and sensors. It includes a technology review, applications, maintenance and commissioning, occupant behavior and a summary of the state-of-the-art technologies for advanced controls for residential HVAC.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2006

Document reviewing ventilation strategies for different climate zones and includes schematic drawings and photographs of various ventilation installations.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2013

Information sheet about ventilation approaches.

Author(s): Ueno, Lstiburek, Bergey
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2012

Research study examining the performance of existing multifamily ventilation central systems and explored alternative solutions in retrofit situations.

Author(s): Lsibturek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, BSC
Publication Date: January, 2017

Report describing the most cost-effective ventilation and indoor air quality solutions for multifamily homes that meet ASHRAE 62.2-2016. 

Author(s): Springer, Dakin, German
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: April, 2012

The purpose of this measure guideline on ventilation cooling is to provide information on a cost effective solution for reducing cooling system energy and demand in homes located in hot-dry and cold-dry climates.

Author(s): Berger, Neri
Organization(s): Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings, CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2016

Report describing the use of passive vents as a source of outdoor air in multifamily buildings. 

Author(s): Cummings, Withers, Martin, Moyer
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: October, 2012

Report focusing on managing the driving forces that move air and water vapor across the building envelope.

Author(s): Walker, Stratton
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California Energy Commission

Guidance on performance of current diagnostics as well as a draft test method for use in future air flow evaluations.

Author(s): Less, Mullen, Singer, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This research study used pollutant measurements, home inspections, diagnostic testing and occupant surveys to assess IAQ in 24 new or deeply retrofitted homes designed to be high performance green buildings in California.

Author(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Organization(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Publication Date: September, 2015

Publication describing the requirements and procedures for the certified performance ratings program for residential ventilation products administered by the Home Ventilating Institute.

Author(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Organization(s): Home Ventilating Institute
Publication Date: September, 2013

Publication specifying HVI’s prescriptive procedures for testing and rating airflow of residential ventilation products in accordance with ANSI consensus standards.

Author(s): Vieira, Parker, Fairey III, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2013

Research study outlining savings from reducing air infiltration, with and without the addition of mechanical ventilation, using two identical laboratory homes designed to model existing Florida building stock.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): Hendron, Rudd, Anderson, Barley, Hancock, Townsend
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: October, 2008

Report about field testing that characterizes the uniformity of room-to-room ventilation air distribution under various operating conditions by examining multi-zone tracer gas decay curves and calculating local age-of-air.

Author(s): Levy, Dentz, Ansanelli, Barker, Rath, Dadia
Organization(s): ARIES Collaborative
Publication Date: March, 2016

Through field-testing and analysis, this project evaluated whole-building approaches and estimated the relative contributions of select technologies toward reducing energy use related to space conditioning in new manufactured homes.

Author(s): Martin, Fenaughty, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: January, 2018

Report outlining how Smart ventilation controls (SVC) balance energy consumption, comfort, and IAQ by optimizing mechanical ventilation operation to reduce the heating and/or cooling loads, improve management of indoor moisture, and maintain IAQ equivalence according to ASHRAE 62.2.

Author(s): Department of Energy, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): DOE, EPA
Publication Date: January, 2013

Information sheet about the benefits of purchasing and installing ENERGY STAR rated fans and ventilation products.

Author(s): Singer, Delp, Apte
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2010

Report on the performance of range hood exhaust fans.

Author(s): Maxwell, Berger, Zuluaga
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2014

Report outlining research that helps inform best practices for air sealing multi-family buildings in the Northeast.

Author(s): Aldrich, Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winters Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2013

Report describing the evaluation and selection of ventilation systems for homes retrofitted for energy aesthetic and health/safety improvements in Las Vegas.

Author(s): Martin, Withers, McIlvaine, Chasar, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: February, 2018

This report evaluates the performance of variable-capacity comfort systems, with a focus on inverter-driven, variable-capacity systems, as well as proposed system enhancements.

Author(s): ENERGY STAR
Organization(s): ENERGY STAR
Publication Date: January, 2016

Program criteria for residential exhaust fans used for ventilation.

Author(s): Vieira, Parker, Gu, Wichers
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: January, 2009
Document comparing simulation results from a modified version of the EnergyGauge program to include various HVAC runtime strategies.
Author(s): Turner, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

This study evaluates the energy, humidity and indoor air quality implications of residential ventilation cooling in all US IECC climate zones.

Author(s): Hodgson, Moyer, Beal
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: September, 2005
A report describing six mechanical ventilation strategies that were evaluated for their ability to control indoor humidity levels over 14-day periods with simulated occupancy.
Author(s): Less, Walker, Tang
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

The main principle of smart ventilation used in this study is to shift ventilation from time periods with large indoor-outdoor temperature differences, to periods where these differences are smaller, and their energy impacts are expected to be less.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: August, 2012

IECC code note explaining new fan efficacy requirements, along with how to determine which fans are affected by the new fan requirements.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Report about ventilation system design, including central fan integrated supply (CFIS) system, made up of a 6-inch outdoor air intake duct connected to the return side of the air handler with a fan cycling control to make sure the fan runs a programmed minimum amount of time.

Author(s): Gilbride, Baechler, Hefty, Hand, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2011

Report providing information about energy-efficient heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) equipment options to help homeowners cut their energy use, reduce their carbon footprint, and increase their homes comfort, health, and safety.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2013

Standard defining the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2013

This standard defines the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in single-family and multi-family low-rise residential buildings of three stories or less above grade.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2010

This standard defines the roles of and minimum requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems and the building envelope intended to provide acceptable indoor air quality in single-family and multi-family low-rise residential buildings of three stories or less above grade.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2016

ASHRAE Standard 62.1 sets specifications and measures for ventilation system design and indoor air quality.

Author(s): ASHRAE
Organization(s): ASHRAE
Publication Date: January, 2017

Standard establishing a test procedure for evaluating the performance of air-cleaning devices as a function of particle size.

Author(s): RESNET
Organization(s): International Code Council
Publication Date: February, 2016

This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts and the air flows of mechanical ventilation systems.

Author(s): Logue, Turner, Walker, Singer
Organization(s): LBNL
Changing the air exchange rate of a home (the sum of the infiltration and mechanical ventilation airflow rates) affects the annual thermal conditioning energy. Large-scale changes to air exchange rates of the housing stock can significantly alter the residential sectors energy consumption. However, the complexity of existing residential energy...