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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Lubliner, Fuess, Gordon, Kingrey
Organization(s): BAIHP
Publication Date: February, 2009

Report about a building project in the marine climate.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): Home Energy
Publication Date: March, 2009
Paper describing sustainable community development.
Author(s): Mallay, Wiehagen, Wood
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center Industry Partnership, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2012

Report outlining the features of a test house built in Silver Spring , Maryland, and discussing the implementation of the energy efficient design, and reports on the short-term testing results.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Document about proper HVAC system sizing.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report summarizing results from a case study about whole-house mechanical ventilation systems in Chicago.

Author(s): Southface Energy Institute, ORNL
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: March, 1999
Brochure about how to install and use a whole-house fan.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2011

This article addresses the issue of undercutting bedroom doors to provide return airflow from bedrooms resulting in risks such as insufficient airflow, pressure imbalance, energy-inefficient loss of conditioned air, condensation within the wall, and moisture durability issues.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2010

Factsheet describing the importance of system charging, superheat and subcooling.

Author(s): Rudd, Hodgson, Beal, Chandra
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2008

Report describing concentrations of 54 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and ventilation rates that were measured in four new manufactured houses over 2 - 9.5 months following installation and in seven new site built houses 1 - 2 months after completion.

Author(s): Tabares-Velasco, Christensen, Bianchi, Booten
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: July, 2012
Report summarizing NRELs efforts to develop diagnostic test cases to conduct accurate energy simulations when phase change materials (PCMs) are modeled in residential buildings.
Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2009

Information sheet about proper ventilation and air sealing.

Author(s): Roberts, Lay
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, EnerNOC
Publication Date: March, 2013

Report discussing the measured variability in indoor space temperatures in a set of 60 homes located in Florida, New York, Oregon, and Washington.

Author(s): National Air Filtration Association (NAFA)
Organization(s): National Air Filtration Association (NAFA)
Publication Date: November, 2014

NAFA’s user guide for understanding ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 52.2-2012.

Author(s): Ueno, Bergey, Wytrykowska
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report about partnership to build three communities of net zero houses.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Information sheet about transfer ducts and grilles.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: July, 2020

Webpage describing transfer ducts and grilles for HVAC.

Author(s): Dentz, Ansanelli
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: January, 2015

In this project aimed to better understand the current usage of TRVs by key market players in steam and hot water heating and to conduct limited experiments on the effectiveness of new and old TRVs as a means of controlling space temperatures and reducing heating fuel consumption.

Author(s): McNamara
Organization(s): NYSERDA
Publication Date: December, 1995
This report describes the results of a multiyear research project that investigated the energy savings attributable to thermostatic radiator valves (TRVs) installed on one-pipe steam distribution systems.
Author(s): Bailes
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: October, 2013

Article about installing balanced ventilation systems.

Author(s): The Family Handyman
Organization(s): The Family Handyman
Publication Date: January, 2012
Brochure describing HVAC filter options for efficiency and IAQ.
Author(s): Booten
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2013

Case study providing homeowners guidance on installing window air conditioners.

Author(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Organization(s): ACCA
Publication Date: January, 2010

The Technician's Guide equips practitioners with the knowledge to properly implement all of the measurement procedures required in the HVAC QI Specification.

Author(s): Ridouane
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2012

Document about development of recommendations to help residential HVAC designers select optimal supply inlet size and system operating conditions to maintain good thermal comfort in low heating and cooling load homes.

Author(s): Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2012

Document on the development of two simple in-home efficiency test methods that can be used by technicians, researchers, or interested homeowners to verify the correct operation and energy efficiency of a homes air conditioning and heating equipment.

Author(s): Fang, Winkler, Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2011

Research study that utilizes EnergyPlus equipped with the moisture capacitance model to analyze the indoor relative humidity in three home types.

Author(s): Williamson, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report providing performance results of a home's heat pump water heater and whole-house dehumidifier over a six-month period.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Information sheet offering general recommendations on supplemental humidity control and outlines viable system configurations.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: July, 2013

This document covers a description of the need and applied solutions for supplemental dehumidification in warm-humid climates, especially for energy efficient homes where the sensible cooling load has been dramatically reduced.

Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2012

Report describing findings from research related to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) companies that have made the decision to transition to whole house performance contracting (WHPC).

Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: February, 2012

Report describing the equipment selection of a split system air conditioner and furnace for an example house in Chicago, Illinois, as well as a heat pump system for an example house in Orlando, Florida.

Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2013
Document covering the pros and cons of compact air distribution systems and the decision criteria that must be considered early in the whole-house design process.
Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2013

This Strategy Guideline covers the pros and cons of compact air distribution systems and the decision criteria that must be considered early in the whole-house design process. 

Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2011

Report about the impact on the loads when common safety factors are applied to the load calculation process using two houses that meet the 2009 IECC prescriptive path modeled as the accurate baseline.

Author(s): Drumheller, Wiehagen
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: November, 2004

Report providing information based on research and case studies, to remodelers and consumers about opportunities to increase home energy performance.

Author(s): Choi, Ludwig, Brand
Organization(s): PARR
Publication Date: August, 2013
Report about results of 10 test buildings in Chicago, studied to identify best practices for methodology, typical costs, and energy savings associated with steam system balancing.
Author(s): Choi, Ludwig, Brand
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute, CNT Energy
Publication Date: August, 2012

Report addressing barriers to information, contractor resources and cost savings associated with steam balancing multifamily buildings.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: June, 2017

Standard Work Specifications (SWS) are a major component of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project and define the minimum requirements to ensure that the work performed during home energy upgrades is effective, durable, and safe.

Author(s): Singh, Rider, Ngo, Butzbaugh, Driskell, Babula
Organization(s): California Energy Commission
Publication Date: April, 2014

Proposed HVAC filter labeling standard and underlying analysis by the California Energy Commission.

Author(s): Poerschke, Stecher
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: June, 2014

Study conducted to help determine cost-effective solutions for heating and cooling houses that are designed to be energy efficient. 

Author(s): Butler, Curtis, Kim, Roberts, Sephenson
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report describing construction of test homes in Atlanta, GA meeting Building America savings targets and serving as a basis of design for other homes Martin Dodson plans to build within the Serenbe community.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet about HVAC equipment design to maximize energy efficiency in the hot-dry climate zone.

Author(s): Russell, Sherman, Rudd
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2005

Document reviewing current and potential ventilation technologies for residential buildings with particular emphasis on North American climates and construction.

Author(s): Metzger, Goyl, Baechler
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: October, 2017

This research paper outlines residential HVAC advanced controls and sensors. It includes a technology review, applications, maintenance and commissioning, occupant behavior and a summary of the state-of-the-art technologies for advanced controls for residential HVAC.

Author(s): Anesi
Organization(s): Air Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration (ACHR) News
Publication Date: December, 2014

Article describing how replacing PSC motors with ECMs can boost bottom line and improve customer comfort.

Author(s): Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: April, 2013

Report about cost effective energy-efficient upgrades that can be implemented in the hot, dry Southwest climate.

Author(s): Schoenbauer, Bohac, McAlpine, Hewett
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: June, 2017

This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water (DHW) and forced air space heating. Called "combi" systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's...

Author(s): Shapiro, Aldrich, Arena
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2012

Report describing procedures for increasing sensible efficiencies through increased flow rates across the air handling unit and increased indoor coil sizes.

Author(s): Ueno, Kerrigan, Wytrykowska, Van Straaten
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: August, 2013

Research study about a high performance retrofit of an existing brick building (a former convent) into condominiums, all affordable housing.

Author(s): German, Hoeschele
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: December, 2014

Report evaluating mechanical AC precooling strategies in homes as a method for improving the load factor by shifting cooling operation from on-peak to off-peak hours.

Author(s): Kerr, Tondro
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: December, 2012

Report aimed at gaining a better understanding about benefits, challenges and technologies associated with natural gas feedback systems.

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