Log in or register to create Field Kits and Sales Worksheets. Why register?

Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Chandler
Organization(s): Fine Homebuilding
Publication Date: January, 2008

Article about one way to deal with the cold-water surprise effect of tankless water heaters.

Author(s): Dakin, Backman, Hoeschele, German
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: November, 2012

Report evaluating performance/efficiency of central heat pump water heaters and quality assurance/quality control processes in system startup, operation and efficiency program participation.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: July, 2014

Guide designed to help builders better understand and meet the hot water delivery system criteria as specified in EPA's WaterSense New Home Specification.

Author(s): Backman, Hoeschele
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: July, 2013

Research study comparing TRNSYS Type 604 pipe model against laboratory pipe heat loss test data and detailed field monitoring data.

Author(s): Aldrich, Walsh, Swift
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA, CARB, Western Massachusettes Electric Company, Northeast Utilities
Publication Date: July, 2006

Report summarizing results from a study in Massachusetts that aimed to upgrade existing homes and incorporate solar thermal systems.

Author(s): Springer, Seitzler, Backman, Weitzel
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group

Report on energy use for domestic water heating in multifamily buildings.

Author(s): Puttagunta, Aldrich, Owens, Vijayakumar
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2007

Report presenting results from whole-house monitoring efforts in hope that they may be useful for other moving towards zero energy homes.

Author(s): Maguire, Sparn, Hudon, Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2012

Document about laboratory testing of five integrated heat pump water heaters (HPWH).

Author(s): Rheem
Organization(s): Rheem
Publication Date: December, 2012

Information for properly sizing gas lines for use with tankless water heaters and other gas appliances.

Author(s): Hoeschele, Springer, German, Staller, Zhang
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: August, 2012

Report about proper water heater selection developed to provide step-by-step procedures for evaluating preferred cost-effective options for energy efficient water heater alternatives based on local utility rates, climate, and anticipated loads.

Author(s): Energy Trust of Oregon
Organization(s): Energy Trust of Oregon
Publication Date: August, 2013

Outlines the minimum criteria for a solar water heating system installed by a Solar Water Heating Program trade ally under Energy Trust of Oregon’s Solar Water Heating Program.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: May, 2012

Website describing how solar water heaters -- also called solar domestic hot water systems -- can be a cost-effective way to generate hot water for your home.

Author(s): Aldrich
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: September, 2009

Report providing a synopsis of a project to evaluate the performance of a roof-integrated solar water heating system.

Author(s): NEEA
Organization(s): NEEA
Publication Date: May, 2014
Website providing consumers with resources to find, select and install heat pump water heaters.
Author(s): Colon, Parker
Organization(s): BA-PIRC
Publication Date: March, 2013
Document about testing of seven water heating systems in the How Water Systems laboratory in central Florida.
Author(s): Colon, Parker
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2010
Report comparing the performance of seven differing types of residential water heating systems in a side-by-side test configuration over a full year period.
Author(s): Burch, Huggins, Long, Thornton
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, SRCC, TESS
Publication Date: June, 2013

Document discussing changes in testing the annual performance ratings for solar water heaters.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet describing tankless hot water heating systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2010

Information sheet describing solar hot water systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2010

Information sheet describing tankless hot water heating systems in existing homes.

Author(s): Schoenbauer, Bohac, McAlpine, Hewett
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: June, 2017

This project analyzed combined condensing water heaters or boilers and hydronic air coils to provide high efficiency domestic hot water (DHW) and forced air space heating. Called "combi" systems, they provided similar space and water heating performance less expensively than installing two condensing appliances. The system's...

Author(s): North Carolina Solar Center
Organization(s): North Carolina Solar Center
Publication Date: September, 2014
Brochure with information on residential solar hot water systems.
Author(s): Alliance for Water Efficiency
Organization(s): Alliance for Water Efficiency
Publication Date: July, 2014
Website with information and research about residential hot water distribution systems.
Author(s): Brozyna, Rapport
Organization(s): IBACOS, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2012

Document developed to help residential builders and retrofitters transition from tank-type water heaters to tankless water heaters.

Author(s): Shapiro, Puttagunta, Owens
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2012

Document with evaluation of 14 heat pump water heaters (including three recently released HPWH products) installed in existing homes in the northeast region of the United States.

Author(s): Schoenbauer, Bohac, Huelman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: March, 2017

Report describing the installation and operation of forced-air heating and domestic hot water combi systems in residential homes. 

Author(s): Hudon, Merrigan, Burch, Maguire
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2012

Report identifying the target market for solar water heaters and potential pathways and cost/performance targets that must be met for these systems to realize large energy savings.

Author(s): Sparn, Hudon, Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2011

Report presenting lab evaluation of five heat pump water heaters available in the US market today.

Author(s): Kingston, Scott
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: March, 2013

Report summarizing results of testing emerging combo water heating technologies under controlled laboratory operations, that differentiate the performance of the various packaged equipment configurations being offered.

Author(s): Burch, Maguire
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2013

Journal article presenting modeling of residential water heaters via dynamic simulation models to provide accurate estimates of their annual energy consumption.

Author(s): Hoeschele
Organization(s): Home Energy Magazine
Publication Date: March, 2005

Article describing the factors that can lead to inefficient hot water distribution systems in homes.

Author(s): Heoschele, Weitzel
Organization(s): ARBI, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: November, 2012

Report on a project that enhanced the HWSIM distribution system model to more accurately model pipe heat transfer.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Ruiz, Steward, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2007

Best Practices document providing an introduction to current photovoltaic and solar thermal building practices.

Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: December, 2003

Provides consumers with general information on solar water heating systems and how to select a contractor.

Author(s): Wilson, Christensen
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: March, 2012

Presentation about heat pump water heater modeling using EnergyPlus.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: June, 2012

Guide providing detailed selection and installation instructions for heat pump water heaters.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: January, 2012

Brochure providing consumer information about heat pump water heaters.

Author(s): Norton, Hancock, Barker, Reeves
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership, Partnership for Resource Conservation
Publication Date: May, 2005

Report detailing the monitored and modeled performance of a solar home outside of Washington DC.

Author(s): ANSI
Organization(s): ANSI
Publication Date: April, 2017

This Standard applies to storage water heaters, instantaneous water heaters, and circulating water heaters including booster water heaters.

Author(s): Shapiro, Puttagunta
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: August, 2013

Research study evaluating 14 heat pump water heaters, attempting to provide publically available field data on new HPWHs by monitoring the performance of three recently released products .

Author(s): Rudd, Ueno, Bergey, Osser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2012

Expert meeting describing meeting details for recommendations for applying water heaters in combination space and domestic water heating systems.

Author(s): Hoeschele, Weitzel
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: May, 2013

The main objective of this expert meeting was to bring together a group of experts intimately involved with issues related to assessing the performance of residential high efficiency water heating systems.

Author(s): Maguire, Burch, Merrigan, Ong
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report investigating performance and energy savings potential of heat pump water heaters.

Author(s): Aldrich, Vijayakumar
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: May, 2006

Report describing the monitored long-term performance of two solar domestic water heating systems in northern climates.

Author(s): Maguire, Earle, Booten, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: October, 2011

Report about a hybrid condensing water heater (thermal efficiency = 0.973, energy factor = 0.95) installed in an occupied home in Sacramento, California, and monitored for one year to determine the actual in situ efficiency.

Author(s): Maguire, Fang, Wilson
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2013

Research report providing a comparison of the most common residential water heating technologies to determine energy-efficient and cost-effective water heating technologies are when subjected to a variety of typical operating conditions.

Author(s): Schoenbauer, Bohac, Huelman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: July, 2016

Report describing combined space- and water-heating (combi) systems using a high-efficiency direct-vent burner. 

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: June, 2007

Case study describing solar thermal and photovoltaic systems in new construction.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: June, 2007

Case study describing solar thermal and photovoltaic systems in new construction.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: June, 2007

Case study describing solar thermal and photovoltaic systems in new construction.

Pages