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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report including testing and analysis on deep energy retrofits of existing single-family homes in the U.S.

Author(s): Logue, Turner, Walker, Singer
Organization(s): LBNL
Changing the air exchange rate of a home (the sum of the infiltration and mechanical ventilation airflow rates) affects the annual thermal conditioning energy. Large-scale changes to air exchange rates of the housing stock can significantly alter the residential sectors energy consumption. However, the complexity of existing residential energy...
Author(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Organization(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Publication Date: April, 2016

Vinyl siding estimating and installation guide for vinyl siding products.

Author(s): Dentz, Conlin, Holloway, Podorson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: March, 2014

In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques - manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings....

Author(s): Health Canada, Environment Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Organization(s): Health Canada
Publication Date: June, 2001

Document reporting results from a study done to evaluate effects of automotive emissions from attached garages on the indoor environment.

Author(s): Van der Meer
Organization(s): Pennsylvania Housing Research/Resource Center
Publication Date: May, 2002

Recessed lighting is here to stay. If installed incorrectly they may contribute to air leakage and compromise building integrity.

Author(s): Dentz, Conlin
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: October, 2012

Research study identifying common air leakage pathways in one type of low-rise multifamily building common in mixed-humid climates.

Author(s): Baker, Yee, Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report that collected field data from a whole-home program in Illinois are utilized to compare marketplace-installed measures to the energy saving optimal packages previously developed for 15 housing types.

Author(s): RESNET
Organization(s): International Code Council
Publication Date: February, 2016

This Standard provides a consistent, uniform methodology for evaluating the airtightness of building envelopes and heating and cooling air ducts and the air flows of mechanical ventilation systems.

Author(s): Grin, Smegal, Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2013

Report covering moisture and leakage issues associated with spray foam insulation application to the underside of roof sheathing.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: February, 2010

Document providing background and approach for the prep work necessary prior to adding attic insulation - focusing on combustion safety, ventilation for indoor air quality, and attic ventilation for durability.

Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report about a project that examines implementation of advanced retrofit measures in the context of a large-scale weatherization program and the archetypal Chicago, Illinois, brick bungalow.

Author(s): Seifert
Organization(s): University of Alaska
Publication Date: January, 2003
Document describing approaches to energy efficiency and moisture considerations for roofs in northern climates.
Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2015

Strategies to control ice dams from forming on residential buildings during winter.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: April, 2014

Article describing correct ways to apply insulation to existing attics.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

The Builder's Guide provides the building industry with the latest and best practical information on how to apply building science principles to structures as systems in hot-humid climate regions.

Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2012

Guide to help contractors and homeowners identify ways to make homes more comfortable, more energy efficient, and healthier to live in.

Author(s): Baechler, Gilbride, Hefty, Cole, Williamson, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: April, 2010

Report identifying the steps to take, with the help of a qualified home performance contractor, to seal unwanted air leaks while ensuring healthy levels of ventilation and avoiding sources of indoor air pollution.

Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): PNNL, ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2013
Document providing descriptions of the many insulation options available to homeowners, along with guidance on where, when, and how to install insulation throughout your house.
Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: February, 2011

This report will review, and summarize the current state of understanding and research into enclosures with higher thermal resistance, so-called “High-R Enclosures.” Recommendations are provided for further research.

Author(s): Gates
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2013

Report describing a deep energy retrofit project for a two-family wood framed home located in Belmont, Massachusetts.

Author(s): Wytrykowska, Ueno, Van Straaten
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2012

Report describing findings from a multifamily test home focusing on the combination of energy measures that are feasible, affordable and suitable for multifamily construction in cold climates.

Author(s): Donnelly, Mahle
Organization(s): CARB, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: March, 2012

Report about City of Meriden Housing Authority's (MHA) collaboration with Jonathon Rose Companies to complete a gut renovation of 126 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project.

Author(s): Knox, Widder
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report recording the results of a field study conducted in a single historic home in Seattle, Washington, to document the performance of Indow Windows' interior storm window inserts.

Author(s): Spanier, Scheu, Brand, Yang
Organization(s): PARR, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: June, 2012

Report identifying housing characteristics and energy use for fifteen single-family housing types and specifies measure packages that provide an optimum level of energy savings based on a BEopt analysis.

Author(s): Jackson
Organization(s): Journal of Light Construction
Publication Date: October, 1997
Document providing guidance about choosing the correct caulk for a project.
Author(s): Advanced Energy
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: July, 2005

This guide is an introduction to the design components, field implementation, code requirements, and measured performance of crawl space construction in central and eastern North Carolina.

Author(s): Building Performance Institute
Organization(s): Building Performance Institute
Publication Date: January, 2016

The following combustion appliance safety inspection must be completed to determine if fossil fuel-fired appliances are operating safely under a depressurized condition.

Author(s): Brand, Cautley, Bohac, Francisco, Shen, Gloss
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Report on comubsion safety simplified test protocol.

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Guidance document on deep energy retrofits.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2010

Information about dense pack, cellulose insulation.

Author(s): North American Insulation Manufacturers Association
Organization(s): North American Insulation Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: January, 2010
Information sheet with HVAC duct insulation, testing, maintenance and performance information.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure with details on HVAC duct air sealing.

Author(s): Rudd, Prahl
Organization(s): ABT Systems, IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report identifying two barriers that limit the ability of builders to explore opportunities for higher levels of energy efficiency in housing: the use of duct system materials that inherently achieve airtightness and are right-sized for low-load houses, and, the ability to air seal fire separation assemblies.
Author(s): Chan, Walker, Sherman
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Report on how airtighness changes as houses age.

Author(s): Drumheller, Carll
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: April, 2010

The objective of this research was to quantify the field performance of wood-frame walls clad with a variety of common claddings in a mixed-humid climate.

Author(s): McIlvaine, Sutherland, Martin
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: March, 2013

Research study examining efficiency retrofit opportunities, typical renovation practices, and pathways for achieving U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) goals for existing homes in Florida.

Author(s): Case, Booten
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Publication Date: November, 2011

Document presenting a simple starting point to determine the most cost-effective Energy Savings Measure Packages (ESMP) for existing homes to achieve 15% and 30% savings in 37 locations across the United States.

Author(s): Farley, Ruch
Organization(s): PARR, CNT Energy
Publication Date: September, 2013

Report exploring feasibility of designing prescriptive retrofit measure packages for typical Chicago region multifamily buildings in order to achieve 25% source energy savings.

Author(s): Gates, Neuhauser
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2013

Report summarizing post-retrofit results for 13 existing homes in a deep energy retrofit pilot program.

Author(s): Berman, Smith, Porse
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: July, 2013

Report evaluating opportunities to improve and streamline delivery of residential retrofit measures.

Author(s): Neuhauser
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: August, 2013
Report examining implementation of an exterior insulation and over-clad strategy for brick masonry buildings in Chicago.
Author(s): McIlvaine, Sutherland, Schleith, Chandra
Organization(s): Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: August, 2010

Report about a building projects process including findings to date and highlights of the first home to meet the target HERS Index of 70.\

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