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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): Logue, Turner, Walker, Singer
Organization(s): LBNL
Changing the air exchange rate of a home (the sum of the infiltration and mechanical ventilation airflow rates) affects the annual thermal conditioning energy. Large-scale changes to air exchange rates of the housing stock can significantly alter the residential sectors energy consumption. However, the complexity of existing residential energy...
Author(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Organization(s): ABTCO Vinyl Siding
Publication Date: April, 2016

Vinyl siding estimating and installation guide for vinyl siding products.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure about creating an air barrier by sealing drywall assemblies.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Brochure about creating an air barrier at tub, shower and fireplace walls.

Author(s): Health Canada, Environment Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Organization(s): Health Canada
Publication Date: June, 2001

Document reporting results from a study done to evaluate effects of automotive emissions from attached garages on the indoor environment.

Author(s): Holladay
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: July, 2011

Website article interviewing the inventor of the Larsen truss, a history of its use, and a discussion of its advantages and disadvantages.

Author(s): Seifert
Organization(s): University of Alaska
Publication Date: January, 2003
Document describing approaches to energy efficiency and moisture considerations for roofs in northern climates.
Author(s): Hammer & Hand
Organization(s): Hammer & Hand
Publication Date: February, 2018

This Best Practices Manual is the product of Hammer & Hand’s ongoing work to document and internally codify our standard operating procedures for construction practice.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2015

Strategies to control ice dams from forming on residential buildings during winter.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation

The Builder's Guide provides the building industry with the latest and best practical information on how to apply building science principles to structures as systems in hot-humid climate regions.

Author(s): Baechler, Adams, Hefty, Gilbride, Love
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Publication Date: May, 2012

Guide to help contractors and homeowners identify ways to make homes more comfortable, more energy efficient, and healthier to live in.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: February, 2011

This report will review, and summarize the current state of understanding and research into enclosures with higher thermal resistance, so-called “High-R Enclosures.” Recommendations are provided for further research.

Author(s): Advanced Energy
Organization(s): Advanced Energy
Publication Date: July, 2005

This guide is an introduction to the design components, field implementation, code requirements, and measured performance of crawl space construction in central and eastern North Carolina.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2004

Report outlining how conditioned crawlspaces perform better than vented crawlspaces in terms of safety, health, comfort, durability and energy consumption.

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2017

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 in. thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

The Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x4 wood frame studs, wood structural panel sheathing (WSP) as wall bracing and added backing for foam sheathing, a layer of rigid foam sheathing insulation up to 1.5 inches thick over the WSP, and a cladding system installed over the foam sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three...

Author(s): Kochkin, Wiehagen
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: January, 2016

Part I of the Guide addresses walls constructed with 2x6 wood frame studs, wood structural panel (WSP) sheathing as exterior sheathing, gypsum board as interior sheathing, and a cladding system installed over WSP sheathing in low-rise residential buildings up to three stories in height. Walls with exterior board insulation are addressed in...

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Straube
Organization(s): BSC
Publication Date: October, 2011

This digest provides the background for designers to select the insulation levels need to reach specific levels of condensation control.

Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: December, 2010

Information about dense pack, cellulose insulation.

Author(s): Drumheller, Carll
Organization(s): NAHB Research Center
Publication Date: April, 2010

The objective of this research was to quantify the field performance of wood-frame walls clad with a variety of common claddings in a mixed-humid climate.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2009

Information sheet with details on building high R-value wall assemblies in new homes.

Author(s): Gunderson
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

Home Innovation Research Labs studied the extended plate and beam wall (EP&B) system during a two-year period from mid-2015 to mid-2017 to determine the wall’s structural performance, moisture durability, constructability, and cost effectiveness for use as a high-R enclosure system for energy code minimum and above-code performance...

Author(s): Parker
Organization(s): FESC
Publication Date: March, 1998

Report comparing a high-performance house with a code-built control home.

Author(s): Harrington, Springer
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group

Report presenting the results from several demonstrations of a new method for sealing building envelop air leaks.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2012

Journal article describing lessons learned from updating a 16-year-old deep-energy retrofit.

Author(s): Health Canada, Environment Canada, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
Organization(s): Health Canada
Publication Date: June, 2004

Results from a research program testing airtightness, implications of air leakage and contaminant reduction over the garage-to-house interface.

Author(s): Steven Winter Associates
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2010

 Information sheet about air barriers.

Author(s): Straube, Grin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2009

Report that considers a number of promising wall systems that can meet the requirement for better thermal control.

Author(s): Karagiozis
Organization(s): ORNL, Advanced Energy
Publication Date: June, 2005
Report outlining results from a 2005 hygrothermal pilot study in the South.
Author(s): Cummings, Withers, LaHiff
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: December, 2009
Research study describing field testing performed in 32 two-story Florida homes to characterize wind washing failures of the house air and thermal boundary.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2009

Report discussing how to create livable space in the attic that meets IRC code requirements by either creating a ventilated roof assembly, or and unvented attic assembly.

Author(s): Pettit, Neuhauser, Gates
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: July, 2013

Guidebook providing useful examples of high performance retrofit techniques for the building enclosure of wood frame residential construction in a cold and somewhat wet climate.

Author(s): Ply Gem Siding Group
Organization(s): Ply Gem Siding Group
Publication Date: April, 2015

Siding installation guide for Ply Gem Siding Group products.

Author(s): Shah, Kochkin
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: May, 2018

The next generation of building enclosures is a key step toward achieving high-performance goals through decreasing energy load demand and enabling advanced space-conditioning systems. Yet the adoption of high-R enclosures and particularly high-R walls has been a slow-growing trend because mainstream builders are hesitant to make the...

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2010

Building science insight into crawlspaces.

Author(s): Withers, Cummings
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: September, 2010
Research study finding significant wind washing potential in 40% of homes in the study area.
Author(s): Liaukus
Organization(s): BARA
Publication Date: December, 2014

Research project aimed to verify whether homes in the New Jersey HPwES program achieved 30% source energy savings, and if so, what measures were implemented to achieve them.

Author(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Organization(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Publication Date: August, 2013
Standard providing information about self-adhered sheet air barrier located in the non-accessible part of the wall, and materials to bridge and seal air leakage pathways and gaps.
Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: June, 2017

Standard Work Specifications (SWS) are a major component of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project and define the minimum requirements to ensure that the work performed during home energy upgrades is effective, durable, and safe.

Author(s): German, Siddiqi, Dakin
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research project evaluating the pre-and post-retrofit energy consumption of a marine climate retrofit, compare actual energy use to original predictions, and identify opportunities for cost savings in other similar retrofits in this climate.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: November, 2014

Case study examining the problem of unwanted air transfer from garage to living space and the effectiveness of garage exhaust ventilation or house supply ventilation to provide a solution to that.

Author(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Organization(s): Home Innovation Research Labs
Publication Date: September, 2015

This TechNote provides an overview of building code requirements and best practices for flashing at window and door frames.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2006

Information sheet providing definitions, applications, and techniques for applying air barriers.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2006

Information sheet with methods for constructing or retrofitting basements to reduce moisture issues.