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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Code establishing a baseline for energy efficiency by setting performance standards for the building envelope (defined as the boundary that separates heated/cooled air from unconditioned, outside air), mechanical systems, lighting systems and service water heating systems in homes and commercial businesses.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Standard addressing the design and installation of mechanical systems through requirements emphasizing performance, public health, and safety.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Code for residential buildings that creates minimum regulations for one- and two-family dwellings of three stories or less. It brings together all building, plumbing, mechanical, fuel gas, energy and electrical provisions for one- and two-family residences.

Author(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Organization(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Publication Date: July, 2014

This Standard establishes the minimum requirements to evaluate a residence with regards to energy efficiency, water conservation, occupant comfort, and indoor air quality.

Author(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Organization(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Publication Date: January, 2014
Detailed guide to advanced framing, a system of construction framing techniques designed to optimize material usage and increase energy efficiency.
Author(s): Bailey
Organization(s): Bailey Engineering Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2014
Case study about high humidity, mold and condensation on surfaces in S. Florida, and how building characteristics cause and amplify these problems.
Author(s): Natural Resources Canada
Organization(s): Natural Resources Canada
Publication Date: April, 2014
Web resource with information for consumers about air source heat pumps.
Author(s): Ojczyk, Murry, Mosiman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: July, 2014

Research report describing study of interior and exterior air sealing techniques to stop ice dams in five 1.5-story retrofit homes conducted by the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team run by University of Minnesota.

Author(s): Yost
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: December, 2014
Article describing different kinds of water-resistant backer boards.
Author(s): Lsibturek, Joseph
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2014
Article describing correct ways to eliminate water damage by incorporating a sacrificial layer to foundation walls and footings.
Author(s): Lsibturek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2014
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: April, 2014

Article describing correct ways to apply insulation to existing attics.

Author(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Organization(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Publication Date: October, 2014

This is a guide for establishing smoke-free policies in public housing and multifamily properties.

Author(s): Baker, Lepage
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report on the stability of furring strips as a means for cladding attachment over walls with thick exterior rigid insulation.

Author(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Organization(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Publication Date: January, 2014
Standard providing master specifications for air barrier assemblies that will provide guidance to the design professional in the development of the final project specifications.
Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Carpet and Rug Institute
Organization(s): Carpet and Rug Institute
Publication Date: May, 2014
Standard describing a labeling program for carpet cushions.
Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal, Fairey
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: October, 2014
This study focuses on the design, construction, and performance of the interior chase approach as implemented by five different builders in Texas, North Carolina, and Florida
Author(s): Rudd, Prahl
Organization(s): ABT Systems, IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report identifying two barriers that limit the ability of builders to explore opportunities for higher levels of energy efficiency in housing: the use of duct system materials that inherently achieve airtightness and are right-sized for low-load houses, and, the ability to air seal fire separation assemblies.
Author(s): NEEA
Organization(s): NEEA
Publication Date: June, 2014
Online resource about ductless heating & cooling systems for installers, utilities, manufacturers and distributors.
Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: September, 2014

Website with prepopulated information about the United States renewable resources.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

ENERGY STAR webiste providing information about programs, products and energy efficiency information.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

Website providing consumer information about ceiling fans, including specifications and buying guidance.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: December, 2014

The ENERGY STAR criteria for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: January, 2014

ENERGY STAR specifications for residential window, door and skylights, Version 6, effective January 1, 2015. 

Author(s): Kerrigan, Norton
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2014

In this report, BSC seeks to research and report on the field monitoring of the performance of in-situ supplemental dehumidification systems in low-energy, high performance, homes in a hot-humid climate.

Author(s): Kerrigan, Norton
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2014

In this report, BSC seeks to research and report on the field monitoring of the performance of in-situ supplemental dehumidification systems in low-energy, high performance, homes in a Zone 2 climate.

Author(s): Maxwell, Berger, Zuluaga
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2014

Report outlining research that helps inform best practices for air sealing multi-family buildings in the Northeast.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

Detailed information about Formaldehyde including health effects and strategies to reduce exposure.

Author(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Organization(s): ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2014

Website with general information about geothermal (ground-source) heat pumps (GSP's).

Author(s): FESC
Organization(s): FESC
Publication Date: October, 2014
Website providing information about the Gossamer Wind Series Ceiling fans, conceived by Danny Parker at the Florida Solar Energy Center as a means of realizing the energy efficiency and comfort potential of ceiling fans.
Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2014

Information sheet briefly summarizing double stud wall construction including the advantages and disadvantages of this construction strategy.

Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): North America Insulation Manufacturers Association
Organization(s): North America Insulation Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: May, 2014
Website providing builders with information about meeting RESNET Grade 1 criteria when installing insulation.
Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report describing as-found interior platform return plenums, the magnitude of their contribution to the total amount of duct leakage, and techniques and results of retrofits executed by the HVAC trade during equipment replacement.

Author(s): Fitzgerald, Bohac
Organization(s): Center for Energy and Environment, NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: May, 2014
This Measure Guideline covers how to assess and carry out the isolation of natural draft combustion appliances from the conditioned spaces of low-rise residential buildings.
Author(s): Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: May, 2014

This measure guideline provides guidance on combustion safety inspection procedures for appliances and heating equipment that use indoor air for combustion and dilution of flue gases in low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2014

Report providing step-by-step instructions for heating contractors and hydronic designers for selecting the proper control settings to maximize system performance and improve response time when using a thermostat setback.

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, BSC
Publication Date: October, 2014

Report describing solutions for supplemental dehumidification in warm-humid climates. 

Author(s): Sutherland, Parker, Chasar, Hoak
Organization(s): Florida Solar Energy Center
Publication Date: August, 2014
A lighting and smart power strip retrofit evaluation was conducted on 56 all-electric, existing Florida homes to see how lighting and miscellaneous electric loads might be reduced.
Author(s): Dentz, Podorson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: May, 2014

This report investigates whether mini-split heat pumps can live up to their potential for one market segment: multifamily retrofits.

Author(s): Burch, Shoukas, Brandemuhl, Krarti
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, University of Colorado
Publication Date: October, 2014

This paper discusses model validation using data from three thermosiphon systems. 

Author(s): Fowler, Stanley, Coats
Organization(s): Technical Services Information Bureau
Publication Date: October, 2014

Manual covering design, detailing, material selection and troubleshooting for plaster, IEFs, and drywall, with info on continuous insulation, air barriers, rain screens, fire and sound ratings, etc.

Author(s): Dentz, Conlin, Podorson, Alaigh
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report presenting ways public housing authorities (PHAs) can develop packages of energy efficiency retrofit measures the PHAs can cost-effectively implement with their own staff in the normal course of housing operations at the time when units are refurbished between occupancies.

Author(s): Department of Energy
Organization(s): DOE
Publication Date: June, 2014

Website with information from DOE about rules and standards for residential air conditioners and heat pumps.

Author(s): Alliance for Water Efficiency
Organization(s): Alliance for Water Efficiency
Publication Date: July, 2014
Website with information and research about residential hot water distribution systems.
Author(s): German, Hoeschele
Organization(s): ARBI, Davis Energy Group
Publication Date: December, 2014

Report evaluating mechanical AC precooling strategies in homes as a method for improving the load factor by shifting cooling operation from on-peak to off-peak hours.

Author(s): North Carolina Solar Center
Organization(s): North Carolina Solar Center
Publication Date: September, 2014
Brochure with information on residential solar hot water systems.
Author(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Organization(s): LBNL
Publication Date: October, 2014

Website with product and standards information about ceiling fans.

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