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Library

This library contains research reports produced by the Building America program and other building science resources used to support this Solution Center. The materials cover both new construction and existing homes. Use the search box and/or the filters to explore hundreds of residential building resources. Access to some references not produced by Building America may require purchase from the publisher. Documents are listed alphabetically. While we continually update our database, links may have changed since posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Code establishing a baseline for energy efficiency by setting performance standards for the building envelope (defined as the boundary that separates heated/cooled air from unconditioned, outside air), mechanical systems, lighting systems and service water heating systems in homes and commercial businesses.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Standard addressing the design and installation of mechanical systems through requirements emphasizing performance, public health, and safety.

Author(s): International Code Council
Organization(s): ICC
Publication Date: May, 2014

Code for residential buildings that creates minimum regulations for one- and two-family dwellings of three stories or less. It brings together all building, plumbing, mechanical, fuel gas, energy and electrical provisions for one- and two-family residences.

Author(s): Less, Walker
Organization(s): Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report including testing and analysis on deep energy retrofits of existing single-family homes in the U.S.

Author(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Organization(s): Air Conditioning Contractors of America
Publication Date: July, 2014

This Standard establishes the minimum requirements to evaluate a residence with regards to energy efficiency, water conservation, occupant comfort, and indoor air quality.

Author(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Organization(s): APA - The Engineered Wood Association
Publication Date: January, 2014
Detailed guide to advanced framing, a system of construction framing techniques designed to optimize material usage and increase energy efficiency.
Author(s): Dentz, Conlin, Holloway, Podorson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: March, 2014

In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques - manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings....

Author(s): Bailey
Organization(s): Bailey Engineering Corporation
Publication Date: March, 2014
Case study about high humidity, mold and condensation on surfaces in S. Florida, and how building characteristics cause and amplify these problems.
Author(s): Natural Resources Canada
Organization(s): Natural Resources Canada
Publication Date: April, 2014
Web resource with information for consumers about air source heat pumps.
Author(s): Ojczyk, Murry, Mosiman
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: July, 2014

Research report describing study of interior and exterior air sealing techniques to stop ice dams in five 1.5-story retrofit homes conducted by the NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team run by University of Minnesota.

Author(s): Prahl, Beach
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report outlining workflow and results of regression models on monthly and daily utility data (meter readings of electricity consumption), outlining a process for screening and gathering useful results from inverse models.
Author(s): Yost
Organization(s): Green Building Advisor
Publication Date: December, 2014
Article describing different kinds of water-resistant backer boards.
Author(s): Lsibturek, Joseph
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: May, 2014
Article describing correct ways to eliminate water damage by incorporating a sacrificial layer to foundation walls and footings.
Author(s): Lsibturek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2014
Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: April, 2014

Article describing correct ways to apply insulation to existing attics.

Author(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Organization(s): U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Publication Date: October, 2014

This is a guide for establishing smoke-free policies in public housing and multifamily properties.

Author(s): Baker, Lepage
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: January, 2014

Report on the stability of furring strips as a means for cladding attachment over walls with thick exterior rigid insulation.

Author(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Organization(s): Air Barrier Association of America
Publication Date: January, 2014
Standard providing master specifications for air barrier assemblies that will provide guidance to the design professional in the development of the final project specifications.
Author(s): Aldrich, Williamson
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: November, 2014

Research report anayzing the results of a large retrofit project, turining an old school into near zero energy consumption apartments in Greenfield MA.

Author(s): Ojczyk
Organization(s): NorthernSTAR, University of Minnesota
Publication Date: November, 2014

Report exploring alternative methods to find long-term solutions to energy loss in 1 ½-story homes to save energy, improve comfort, prevent frost buildup on the underside of the roof deck, and reduce the risk of ice dam formation/reformation.

Author(s): Carpet and Rug Institute
Organization(s): Carpet and Rug Institute
Publication Date: May, 2014
Standard describing a labeling program for carpet cushions.
Author(s): Cort, Culp
Organization(s): Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Publication Date: September, 2014

Research study evaluating energy savings and cost effectiveness of installing low-emissivity (low-e) storm windows over existing windows in residential homes in all climate zones.

Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal, Fairey
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: October, 2014
This study focuses on the design, construction, and performance of the interior chase approach as implemented by five different builders in Texas, North Carolina, and Florida
Author(s): Burdick
Organization(s): IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report outlining the issues with using existing ducts with a new low-load HVAC system, which reduces throw at supply registers causing decreased mixing of supply and room air, leading to potential thermal comfort complaints.
Author(s): Rudd, Prahl
Organization(s): ABT Systems, IBACOS
Publication Date: December, 2014
Report identifying two barriers that limit the ability of builders to explore opportunities for higher levels of energy efficiency in housing: the use of duct system materials that inherently achieve airtightness and are right-sized for low-load houses, and, the ability to air seal fire separation assemblies.
Author(s): NEEA
Organization(s): NEEA
Publication Date: June, 2014
Online resource about ductless heating & cooling systems for installers, utilities, manufacturers and distributors.
Author(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Organization(s): NREL
Publication Date: September, 2014

Website with prepopulated information about the United States renewable resources.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

ENERGY STAR webiste providing information about programs, products and energy efficiency information.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

Website providing consumer information about ceiling fans, including specifications and buying guidance.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: December, 2014

The ENERGY STAR criteria for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: January, 2014

ENERGY STAR specifications for residential window, door and skylights, Version 6, effective January 1, 2015. 

Author(s): Rudd
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: September, 2014

Report analyzing results in crawlspace retrofits in multifamily buildings.

Author(s): Kerrigan, Norton
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2014

In this report, BSC seeks to research and report on the field monitoring of the performance of in-situ supplemental dehumidification systems in low-energy, high performance, homes in a hot-humid climate.

Author(s): Kerrigan, Norton
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: October, 2014

In this report, BSC seeks to research and report on the field monitoring of the performance of in-situ supplemental dehumidification systems in low-energy, high performance, homes in a Zone 2 climate.

Author(s): Maxwell, Berger, Zuluaga
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: July, 2014

Report outlining research that helps inform best practices for air sealing multi-family buildings in the Northeast.

Author(s): Parker, Kono, Vieira, Fairey, Sherwin, Withers, Hoak, Beal
Organization(s): BA-PIRC, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report assessing the moisture and cooling load impacts of airtightness and mechanical ventilation in homes in hot-humid climates.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: October, 2014

Detailed information about Formaldehyde including health effects and strategies to reduce exposure.

Author(s): Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Organization(s): ORNL
Publication Date: May, 2014

Website with general information about geothermal (ground-source) heat pumps (GSP's).

Author(s): FESC
Organization(s): FESC
Publication Date: October, 2014
Website providing information about the Gossamer Wind Series Ceiling fans, conceived by Danny Parker at the Florida Solar Energy Center as a means of realizing the energy efficiency and comfort potential of ceiling fans.
Author(s): Sparn, Hudon, Earle, Booten, Tabares-Velasco, Barker, Hancock
Organization(s): National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Mountain Energy Partnership
Publication Date: June, 2014

Research report presenting results of short term tests on a mueasures used in an energy efficiency retrofit project in California.

Author(s): U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Organization(s): EPA
Publication Date: December, 2014

This publication provides a set of best practices for improving indoor air quality in conjunction with energy upgrade work in homes.

Author(s): Building Science Corporation
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: June, 2014

Information sheet briefly summarizing double stud wall construction including the advantages and disadvantages of this construction strategy.

Author(s): Dentz, Henderson, Varshney
Organization(s): ARIES, Levy Partnership
Publication Date: September, 2014

Report summarizing the status of a central hydronic heating system project in multifamily housing at the conclusion of the 20112012 heating season.

Author(s): Martin
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation, Florida Solar Energy Center, FSEC, IBACOS
Publication Date: March, 2014

The study described in this white paper is based on building energy modeling with an important focus on the indoor humidity impacts of ventilation.

Author(s): North America Insulation Manufacturers Association
Organization(s): North America Insulation Manufacturers Association
Publication Date: May, 2014
Website providing builders with information about meeting RESNET Grade 1 criteria when installing insulation.
Author(s): McIlvaine, Beal
Organization(s): FSEC
Publication Date: June, 2014

Report describing as-found interior platform return plenums, the magnitude of their contribution to the total amount of duct leakage, and techniques and results of retrofits executed by the HVAC trade during equipment replacement.

Author(s): Fitzgerald, Bohac
Organization(s): Center for Energy and Environment, NorthernSTAR
Publication Date: May, 2014
This Measure Guideline covers how to assess and carry out the isolation of natural draft combustion appliances from the conditioned spaces of low-rise residential buildings.
Author(s): Brand
Organization(s): PARR, Gas Technology Institute
Publication Date: May, 2014

This measure guideline provides guidance on combustion safety inspection procedures for appliances and heating equipment that use indoor air for combustion and dilution of flue gases in low-rise residential buildings.

Author(s): Arena
Organization(s): CARB, Steven Winter Associates, SWA
Publication Date: February, 2014

Report providing step-by-step instructions for heating contractors and hydronic designers for selecting the proper control settings to maximize system performance and improve response time when using a thermostat setback.

Author(s): Lstiburek
Organization(s): Building Science Corporation
Publication Date: September, 2014

Report that provides information and specifications to anyone that is attempting to air seal existing attics.

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