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A paint-on flashing is used around the windows and doors for seamless water protection.
Advanced framing details include insulated headers over windows and doors.
Advanced framing details include minimal framing at windows and doors.
Advanced framing details throughout house including insulated and open headers
Advanced framing showing open headers
Air seal rough opening from inside
Air seal the rough opening around doors and windows to minimize air leakage.
Air-sealing tape carefully seals the seams around the window framing.
All ENERGY STAR-qualified windows display the ENERGY STAR label
Application of window and door nonexpanding foam sealant
Awnings, overhangs, and porches shield windows and doors from sun, rain, and snow in this sunny mountain locale.
Baffles will keep insulation out of the soffit vents and wind out of the insulation in this vented attic.
Before installing the windows, the window rough openings are sealed with a liquid-applied flashing that provides a seamless moisture and air barrier to protect the wall from water intrusion.
Builders use an infrared camera to “see” heat flow and air leakage around a window during construction.
Caulk applied against the backer rod to seal a window rough opening
Caulk top and sides of window
Choose high-performance ENERGY STAR-rated windows.
Closed-cell backer rod for air sealing window and door rough openings
Coated sheathing is used to box the windows in this double wall.
Common window water infiltration pathways
Concrete slab pan flashing for doors
Condensation potential for exterior storm retrofits
Condensation potential for interior storm retrofits
Cut I in housewrap
Deep overhangs and porches shade the double-paned, argon-filled, low-emissivity windows to keep out summer sun.
ENERGY STAR climate zone map for windows
ENERGY STAR climate-specific criteria for windows and skylights
ENERGY STAR reflective roof shingles and low-SHGC windows with low-emissivity coatings help to minimize solar heat gain.
ENERGY STAR Window Specifications
Exterior aluminum storm window showing weep channel, example 1
Exterior aluminum storm window showing weep channel, example 2
Exterior aluminum storm windows showing weep channel
Exterior storm window
Exterior window replacement detail
Formable pan flashing and back dam for window
Framing is built around the window before exterior rigid foam is installed on the exterior walls around the window.
Headers over windows and doors are insulated rather than solid wood.
Vinyl frame window replacement detail
Install insulating foam sheathing and tape all seams to serve as a continuous drainage plane behind the home’s cladding.
Install self-adhesive sill flashing
Install trim and cap flashing
Installed interior removable storm window
Insulated header made of one piece of plywood aligned with exterior wall, with room for insulation to inside
Insulated header made of two pieces of plywood that sandwich a layer of rigid foam insulation
Insulated headers can be hung with metal hangers instead of jack studs to reduce lumber usage
Interior removable storm window sample
Interior storm window on double-hung original window
Interior storm window on double-hung original window
Non expanding spray foam is used to fill  the rough openings around windows.
Recommended sealant location as part of window frame rehabilitation
Right – Appropriate door framing installed
Right – Appropriate use of framing members to support double windows and additional cripples for drywall purposes
Right – Backer-rod is a foam product available in various diameters that can be used to air seal openings around doors and windows
Right – Rough opening around window has been filled with backer-rod to air seal
Right – Rough opening around window has been filled with low-expansion foam to air seal
Right – Side flashing extends over the pan flashing
Right – The flashing is properly installed to create a complete drainage system
Right – There is flashing installed along the top of the window and the water-resistant barrier is layered over to create a complete drainage system
Right – Verify continuous rigid insulation is installed
Right – Verify single member headers with insulation on one side are installed
Right – Verify SIP headers are installed
Right – Verify two member headers with rigid insulation between are installed
Right – Window framing has appropriate number of king studs
Right – Window meets ENERGY STAR requirements
Sheet metal pan flashing for doors
Structural headers are not needed on nonbearing walls
Tape down housewrap head flap
Tape flashing around windows helps to keep moisture out of the framed walls.
The 12-inch-thick double walls provide plenty of space for insulation.
The rough openings for the windows are flashed with a paint-on flashing product then the windows are installed and additional flashing tape is installed over the flashing. Nail holes are sealed with caulk.
The windows are ENERGY STAR-qualified double-pane, argon-filled, vinyl-framed windows with a U value of 0.28 and a SHGC of 0.41.
Traditional and advanced framing of windows and doors

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